Bank Exam Current Affairs – 01 September 2021

Nine new Supreme Court judges take oath

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana read out the oath of allegiance to the Constitution to nine new judges of the Supreme Court, reducing the vacancies in the top court to just one.

The occasion was historic on several fronts.

  1. It was the first time as many as nine judges were sworn into the Supreme Court in a single stroke.
  2. Three of them were women judges.
  3. One of them, Justice B.V. Nagarathna, is slated to be Chief Justice of India in 2027.
  4. It was the first time the Supreme Court allowed a live telecast of the ceremony.

Goddess Durga Idol

  1. A 1,200-year-old stone idol of goddess Durga was recovered in Budgam district of Jammu and Kashmir
  2. It is an ancient sculpture from the Khan Sahab area.
  3. It dates back roughly to the 7th or the 8th century AD, about 1,200 years old.

The sculpture is 12 inches by 8 inches (24 cm by 20 cm) carved in a black stone with goddess Durga seated on a lion throne along with four attendants.

Plea for Interception of Phones

  1. A bench of Chief Justice D.N. Patel and Justice Jyoti Singh ordered, “Point out in detail the law and procedure followed by the Union of India for monitoring and interception of phones”.
  2. The High Court was hearing a petition by the Centre for Public Interest Litigation (CPIL) and Software Freedom Law Centre (SFLC) seeking direction to permanently stop the execution and the operation of the surveillance projects such as Centralised Monitoring System (CMS), Network Traffic Analysis (NETRA) and National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID).
  3. Earlier, the Centre had denied granting blanket permission to any government agency for interception or monitoring of any messages or information under its surveillance programs.
  4. “There is no blanket permission to any agency for interception or monitoring or decryption; and permission from competent authority (Union Home Secretary) is required, as per the due process of law and rules in each case,” read an affidavit filed by the home ministry.

Johnson & Johnson’s HIV vaccine fails mid-stage study

  1. Johnson & Johnson’s experimental vaccine failed to provide enough protection against HIV in sub-Saharan Africa to young women who are at high risk of being infected.
  2. The mid-stage trial failure highlights the challenges of vaccine development, especially for HIV or human immunodeficiency virus, which has no approved vaccines.

Resolution 2593

  1. By terms of resolution 2593 (2021), adopted by a vote of 13 in favor with two abstentions (Russian Federation and China), the 15-member organ demanded that Afghan territory not be used to threaten or attack any country and reiterated the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan.
  2. The adoption of Resolution 2593 overnight coincided with the departure of the last US troops from Afghanistan at night on 30 August, fulfilling Washington’s commitment that all its troops would exit Afghanistan by 31 August.
  3. In Kabul, the Taliban proclaimed “full independence” for Afghanistan after the last US soldiers left after a two-decade-long stay
  4. Despite the abstention of two “P-5” countries, Russia and China, from the India-led United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 2593, the Government of India said it was a “matter of satisfaction” that the resolution, addressed India’s “key concerns” on Afghanistan.
  1. Japan’s defense ministry is seeking an annual budget increase that will add to past hikes to expand military spending over a decade by almost a sixth, as it looks to counter the growing strength of neighboring China.
  2. Since last year, Japan has identified China as its main national security threat, pointing in a July policy paper to a “sense of crisis” over Beijing’s threat to Taiwan, which lies close to Japanese islands along the edge of the East China Sea.
  3. China will increase its defense budget by 6.8% next year and is already about four times more than Japan’s

China opens first road-rail transport link to the Indian Ocean