National database for Farmers
- The Centre has created a National Farmers’ Database with records of 5.5 crore farmers, which it hopes to increase to 8 crore farmers by December by linking it to State land record databases
- The national database was created by taking data from existing national schemes such as PM-KISAN, soil health cards, and the insurance scheme PM Fasal Bima Yojna
- Centre hopes to cover 8 cr. farmers by linking it to State land record database
- Currently, the National database was created with records of 5.5 cr. farmers
DPRs of projects on the Godavari
- The projects – Sitarama with an allocation of 70 tmcft, Devadula LIS with a barrage at Tupakulagudem (60 tmc), Mukteshwar LIS (4.5 tmc), Ramappa-Pakhal link (3 tmc), Modikunta Vagu (2.14 tmc), and Chowtupally Hanumantha Reddy LIS (0.8 tmc) – were taken up by the government out of the water allocations already approved by the Central Water Commission.
- These projects were taken up in lieu of the Inchampally project which was allocated 85 tmc by the GWDT award and the inter-State agreement among Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh
Tamil Nadu to establish conservation reserve for sea cows
- The Tamil Nadu government announced plans to set up India’s first Dugong Conservation Reserve in the Palk Bay on the southeast coast of the state.
- Dugong or sea cow is an endangered marine mammal that is facing extinction due to habitat loss, sea pollution, and loss of seagrass.
- In Tamil Nadu, the dugong is found in the Gulf of Mannar, which is a shallow bay area between the southeastern tip of Tamil Nadu and the western part of Sri Lanka, and at Palk Bay, a semi-enclosed shallow area in the same region.
Karbi Anglong Accord
The historic tripartite Karbi Anglong Accord was signed on September 4, 2021, between the government of India, the Government of Assam, and six factions of the Karbi
- This Memorandum of Settlement will ensure greater devolution of autonomy to the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council, protection of identity, language, culture, etc. of Karbi people, and focus the development of the Council area, without affecting the territorial and administrative integrity of Assam.
- The Karbi armed groups have agreed to abjure violence and join the peaceful democratic process as established by law of the land. The Agreement also provides for the rehabilitation of cadres of the armed groups.
- The Government of Assam shall set up a Karbi Welfare Council for the focussed development of Karbi people living outside the KAAC area.
- The Consolidated Fund of the State will be augmented to supplement the resources of KAAC.
- Overall, the present settlement proposes to give more legislative, executive, administrative, and financial powers to KAAC
Vatan Prem Yojana
- It is rolled out by Gujarat
It aims to undertake public welfare projects worth Rs. 1,000 crores jointly with non-resident Gujaratis by December 2022.
- State to give 40% funds for civic projects; 60% to come as donations from NRI Gujaratis
International Day of Charity
- The International Day of Charity was established with the objective of sensitizing and mobilizing people, NGOs, and stakeholders all around the world to help others through volunteer and philanthropic activities.
- The date of 5 September was chosen in order to commemorate the anniversary of the passing away of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 “for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitute a threat to peace.”
Atlas of Mortality and Economic Losses from Weather, Climate and Water Extremes
- Developed nations incurred the bulk of $3.6tn in economic losses because of severe weather events in the past five decades.
- High death tolls in poorer countries have been partly reduced by better evacuation.
- In the past 50 years, the number of weather-related disasters had increased fivefold across the globe.
- In this period, the death toll of 115 people and more than $200m was lost every day. The death toll was the result of climate change, more extreme weather, and improved reporting.
- In this period, total losses amounted to $3.6tn and 2m deaths.
- For instance, the estimated cost of Hurricane Ida, the fifth-largest hurricane to make landfall in US, could be about $80bn.
- Three out of 10 world’s costliest disasters occurred in 2017 alone namely- hurricanes Harvey (cost $96.9bn), Maria (cost $69.4bn), and Irma (cost $58.2bn).
- The human Nipah virus, as it is called, is classified as an “emerging zoonotic disease”, meaning that it can transfer to people after being incubated in other species.
- It was first recognized in a large outbreak of 276 cases in Malaysia and Singapore from September 1998-1999.
- Nipah virus (NiV) is classified as a “highly pathogenic paramyxovirus” and handling the virus requires the highest grade of facilities called BS-4.
- The natural reservoir for the virus is large fruit bats of the Pteropus genus.
- From here the virus may pass on to pigs who may be infected after eating fruits that are bitten on by infected bats.
Study on COVID-19 antibodies
- COVID-19 antibodies produced by the Pfizer vaccine decreased more than 80% in senior nursing home residents and their caregivers six months after receiving their second dose, a U.S. study has found.
- The research led by Case Western Reserve University and Brown University in the U.S. studied blood samples of 120 nursing home residents and 92 health care workers.
- The researchers particularly looked at humoral immunity — also called antibody-mediated immunity — to measure the body’s defenses against the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes COVID-19.
- The study noted that the boosters are even more important as the Delta variant spreads
Cuba starts COVID-19 vaccine for toddlers
- Cuba became the first country in the world to vaccinate children from the age of two against Covid-19, using home-grown jabs not recognized by the World Health Organization.
- The communist island of 11.2 million people aims to inoculate all its children before reopening schools that have been closed for the most part since March 2020.
Fetal heartbeat bill
- The Texas law pegged a “fetal heartbeat bill,” bans abortions at the point of the “first detectable heartbeat,” which could happen around six weeks into pregnancy, although that timeframe isn’t specified in the measure.
- Medical experts say the heart doesn’t begin to form until the fetus is at least nine weeks old, and they decry efforts to promote abortion bans by relying on medical inaccuracies.
- The nation’s highest court has allowed a Texas law banning most abortions, to remain in effect, marking a turning point for abortion opponents who have been fighting to implement stronger restrictions for nearly a decade.
- The notion that abortion as early as six weeks into pregnancy “stops a beating heart” is a concept originated by Ohio activist Janet Folger Porter, one of the nation’s fiercest advocates for banning the procedure.
Greece new Ministry to tackle CC
- Greece’s center-right government has created a new Ministry to address the impact of climate change and named former European Union commissioner Christos Stylianides as Minister.
- Mr. Stylianides, 63, who served as commissioner for humanitarian aid and crisis management between 2014 and 2019, was appointed in the wake of wildfires that burned more than 1,000 square km of forest on the island of Evia and in southern Greece.
- Intense heatwaves in southern Europe in July and August — described in Greece at the worst in decades — fuelled deadly wildfires in Turkey as well and blazes in Italy, France, and Balkan countries.
UAE new Investment plans
- The United Arab Emirates announced a major plan to stimulate its economy and liberalize stringent residency rules for foreigners, as the country seeks to overhaul its finances and attract visitors and investment.
- Now marking its 50th anniversary, the UAE is seeking to accelerate its economic and social reforms to rebrand for a post-pandemic future.
- Portraying the country as a liberal, bustling trade and finance hub, the government promised to pour $13.6 billion into the economy in the next year and $150 billion by 2030.
- Specific projects have yet to be announced, but $1.36 billion has been earmarked for Emirates Development Bank to support the industrial sector.
Indo-Danish Joint Commission Meeting
- The 4th round of ‘Indo-Danish Joint Commission Meeting (JCM)’ was held and the Indian delegation was led by External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar.
- The External Affairs Minister said what is unique about India’s relationship with Denmark is that it is the only country with which India has a green strategic partnership.
- Denmark is India’s “very unique partner” in its efforts to grow back greener due to the central European nation’s strengths, experiences, and best practices which are enormously helpful for a country like India at this stage of its development
- Panjshir Valley is located to the north of Kabul.
- Both sides claimed to have control in Panjshir but neither could produce conclusive evidence to prove it.
- The war over Panjshir province escalated on the night of September 3, 2021.
- During the fight, two senior leaders of the National Resistance Front were killed. According to reports, the acting president of Afghanistan, Amrullah Saleh, has moved to a safe place following a helicopter attack on his house.
- The final act of the delayed Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics came Sunday, almost eight years to the day after the Japanese capital was awarded the Games.
- The Paralympics ended a 13-day run in a colorful, circus-like ceremony at the National Stadium overseen by Crown Prince Akishino, the brother of Emperor Naruhito. The Olympics closed almost a month ago.
- The closing ceremony was entitled “Harmonious Cacophony” and involved both able-bodied actors and others with disabilities. The theme was described by organizers as a “world inspired by the Paralympics, one where differences shine.”