Argutes

Bank Exam Current Affairs – 08 October 2021

1. Buddhist Circuit

  1. Under Swadesh Darshan Scheme, Tourism Ministry sanctioned 5 projects  for Buddhist circuit development in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh
  2. Uttar Pradesh has a maximum of 6 places related to Lord Buddha and rapid development work is going on at all these sites
  3. The important Buddhist sites currently receive approximately 6% of nationwide foreign tourist arrivals with Sarnath and Bodh Gaya leading the pack.
  4. Swadesh Darshan focuses on the integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits, as part of the Buddhist Circuits in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh

Mosquirix was endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as the first and, to date only, vaccine shown to have the capability of significantly reducing malaria, and life-threatening severe malaria, in tests on young African children. The vaccine acts against P. falciparum, the most deadly malaria parasite globally, and the most prevalent in Africa. Among children who received 4 doses in largescale clinical trials, the vaccine was able to prevent approximately 4 in 10 cases of malaria over a 4-year period.

Malaria

  1. The disease, transmitted by the bites of infected mosquitoes, is caused by parasites.
  2. India alone accounted for 89 percent of deaths due to malaria in the South Asian region in the year 2006, and over half of the nation’s population was prone to the disease.
  3. The study also stated that malaria continues to trap countries in cycles of inequity, with 85 percent of global deaths reported in 2017 coming from 29 nations.

3. NTCA

  1. National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) approved the Chhattisgarh government’s proposal to declare the combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve.
  2. The new Reserve is located in the northern part of the state, bordering Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.
  3. This will be the fourth Tiger Reserve in Chhattisgarh, after the Udanti-Sitanadi, Achanakmar, and Indravati Reserves
  4. The Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary was identified as part of the Sarguja Jashpur Elephant Reserve in 2011.
  5. The Guru Ghasidas National Park used to be part of the Sanjay National Park in undivided Madhya Pradesh

Click here to know about NTCA

4. Henley Passport Index

  1. India’s rank has slipped by six places from last year to 90 on the Henley Passport Index, which lists the world’s most travel-friendly passports.
  2. The Henley Passport Index comes at a time when countries are easing travel rules for international visitors after almost two years since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic.
  3. The index ranks the passports of countries according to the number of destinations their holders can visit without a prior visa.
  4. The rankings are based on the analysis of data provided by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. Japan and Singapore stood at the top of this year’s list, with their passports holders allowed to travel visa-free to 192 countries, while South Korea and Germany share the second position.
  6. For the third consecutive year, Japan has secured the top position.
  7. Meanwhile, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, and Yemen are among the least powerful.
  8. India, which held the 84th rank last year, fell down to the 90th position, with its passport holders allowed to travel visa-free to 58 countries

5. Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Benjamin List and David MacMillan for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis.

Insights

  1. They have developed a new and ingenious tool for molecule building: organocatalysis.
  2. Many research areas and industries are dependent on chemists’ ability to construct molecules that can form elastic and durable materials, store energy in batteries or inhibit the progression of diseases. This work requires catalysts.
  3. According to researchers, there were just two types of catalysts available: metals and enzymes. Catalysts are any substance that increases the rate of a reaction without itself being consumed

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