1. Adi Shankaracharya
Prime Minister unveiled a 12-foot high statue of Adi Shankaracharya at Kedarnath.
Adi Shankaracharya (788-820 AD)
- Adi Shankaracharya was an Indian philosopher and theologian whose works had a strong impact on the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta.
- He founded mathas, which are believed to have helped in the historical development, revival and propagation of his philosophy.
- The story recounted today has been reconstructed from multiple Shankaravijayas (Conquests of Shankara) written over the centuries.
2. Eastern West Khasi Hills district
- Meghalaya cabinet approved a proposal to upgrade the Mairang civil sub-division to a full-fledged district.
- It will be called the Eastern West Khasi Hills district.
- Mairang is now a sub-division under the West Khasi Hills district.
- The creation of the new district will ensure that the administration will remain closer to the people besides implementation of various schemes will also be more effective.
3. Tripura Bamboo Cricket Bat
- In collaboration with BCDI, Agartala, NECTAR carried out a pilot project on the development of indigenous Bamboo Cricket bats and Stumps.
- The bamboo bat is made up of bamboo glue board technology which is a substitute for wood and sustainable material.
- The indigenously developed bamboo cricket carries good strokes and it has now been sent to various agencies for Feedback.
- Bamboo Stumps are an innovative use of round bamboo poles.
- Thyrsostachys Oliveri, a special bamboo variety that is nearly solid and straight, is used for making stumps.
- A small hollow central core can also provide a natural way for fixing the stump mic and camera.
4. Maharashtra Wildlife Action Plan
- The government of Maharashtra approved its own Wildlife Action Plan (2021-2030), which will be implemented over the next 10 years.
- Maharashtra became India’s first state to pass its own Wildlife Action Plan.
- The board has also approved the extension of the boundary of Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, in the Chandrapur district of the Vidarbha region, by around 79 sq km.
- It aims to develop a Climate Action Plan for the Coastal Region of the state in sync with the ‘State Climate Change Action Plan’
- It will have a special emphasis on Climate Change Adaptation(CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DDR).
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5. Rover to Moon
- Private companies in Australia and Canada are developing a moon mission, in association with the University of Technology Sydney.
- Under this mission, Australian technology will be sent to the moon by mid-2024, to hunt water on it.
- If the plan is successful, it will be the first rover made up of Australian components, to make on the Moon.
- Australian Space Agency had announced in 2021, its plan to send an Australian-made rover to the Moon by 2026.
- Australian-made rover is part of a deal of Australian Space Agency with NASA.
- The rover will collect lunar soil containing oxygen.
- This soil will be used to support human life in space
6. Leopard to Extinction
The leopard (Panthera pardus) faces an 83% increased risk of extinction in North India due to roadkill, according to a new international study that quantifies the threat posed by roads to the survival of animal populations around the world. The study has been published in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography.
- The leopard population of North India is at the highest risk among four animal populations identified as being the most vulnerable to extinction in the next 50 years if observed roadkill levels persist.
- It is followed by the maned wolf and the little spotted cat, both of Brazil, and the brown hyena of southern Africa.
- At an 83% increased risk, the study estimates the time to the North Indian leopard population’s extinction at 33 years.
- Other populations found highly vulnerable include the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) and sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) in South India.
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7. Mass Fish Death in Kameng River
Recently, the landslides caused by an earthquake of 3.4 magnitudes close to the border with China have led to mass fish death in the Kameng river in Arunachal Pradesh. The region has been placed into Seismic Zone V, thus most vulnerable to earthquakes.
- The earthquake happened in the vicinity of the source of the river at an elevation of about 6,300 meters above Mean Sea Level.
- The landslides dumped several tonnes of mud and rocks into the river, substantially reducing the flow of water.
- The river turned blackish due to very high turbidity resulting in low dissolved oxygen that killed the fish.
- Low dissolved oxygen concentrations can arise through natural phenomena that include seasonality, changes in river flow, and both saline and thermal stratification of the water column.
- Low dissolved oxygen levels can also indicate an excessive demand on the oxygen in the system.
8. The Sage with Two Horns
- One of India’s favorite authors Sudha Murty has a Diwali gift for children – her latest book “The Sage with Two Horns” in which she tells numerous lesser-known and fascinating stories that have been lost in the pages of Indian mythology.
- This is the fifth and last book of her ‘Unusual Tales from mythology’ series featuring kings and queens, gods and goddesses, sages, etc.
9. National Cancer Awareness Day
- 7 is observed as the National Cancer Awareness Day to raise awareness about the second leading cause of death globally, Cancer.
- The date was announced for this occasion in September 2014.
- This particular date was selected as it is the Birth anniversary of Madame Curie, a prominent scientist remembered for her efforts and contribution in the battle against cancer.
- She is revered for her discovery of radium and polonium.
- It was her remarkable work that was instrumental in the development of nuclear energy and radiotherapy for treating the deadly disease.
10. Tsitsi Dangarembga wins German peace prize
- Zimbabwean author and filmmaker Tsitsi Dangarembga were honored with the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. Dangarembga is a widely audible voice of Africa in contemporary literature.
- The 62-year-old was honored for her artistic work, but also for her political commitment. She has been fighting for freedom and against corruption for years.
11. ‘Vax’ chosen as Word of the Year 2021
- The Oxford Dictionary has declared ‘Vax’ as the word of the year for the year 2021 due to its frequent usage throughout the year as medical breakthroughs happened around the world.
- The word Vax is defined as, “a colloquialism meaning either vaccine or vaccination as a noun and vaccinate as a verb.”
12. Fabio Quartararo
- Yamaha factory rider Fabio Quartararo has been crowned the 2021 MotoGP World Champion after the stunning final stages of the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix saw Francesco Bagnaia crash out of the lead.
- Quartararo became the youngest Yamaha rider to clinch the premier class world title.
- He became the first French rider to clinch a premier class world title.
13. P Iniyan
- Indian Grandmaster P Iniyan emerged the winner in the 5th Rujna Zora chess tournament held here with seven points from nine rounds.
- He had recently won an event in Spain and his performance enabled him to gain one Elo point.
- His current FIDE rating is 2556.
- The Indian GM finished with five wins and four draws and remained undefeated.