Model tribal villages
- Center is planning to transform 36,000 hamlets to “model tribal villages” with an emphasis on rural development, protection of forest rights, and ethnic practices of indigenous people.
- The Center is planning to develop these villages in such a manner that various factors like rural development, protection of ethnic or autonomous systems, forest rights, and entrepreneurship can be linked.
- Under the program, basic amenities will also be improved in the selected villages.
- Villages with over 50 percent tribal population will be given preference for the proposed program
- The tribals of Similipal in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha reported sightings of “black tigers” — their stripes almost fused together in patches threatening to obliterate parts of their burnished orange coats.
- 37% of Panthera tigris in the Similipal Tiger Reserve (in eastern India) are pseudomelanistic, characterized by wide, merged stripes.
- This is the result of a rare mutation in one gene, Transmembrane Aminopeptidase Q or Taqpep, recessively inherited The mutation is rarely seen in tigers outside Similipal.
- The discovery of the genetic basis for the physical characteristics or phenotype in the wild is a culmination of years of research by a team of scientists led by the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS).
- Taqpep p.H454Y is likely absent or extremely rare outside of Similipal
- U.K. government brought into effect the Age Appropriate Design Code or the Children’s Code, as an amendment to the Data Protection Act, 2018,
- It is operationalizing a set of regulations that will make using the digital space safer for children.
- While the Code is officially in place only in the U.K., tech majors such as TikTok, Instagram and YouTube have tightened safety rules for children, and campaigners hope this will become the norm globally.
- Kidney injury as a complication of COVID-19 is more commonly seen in hospitalized patients.
- While the reported prevalence of kidney injury was 7% in a study of 2,650 patients admitted to a large hospital in southern India, a recent large study in the United States reported kidney injury in as many as 46% of 3,993 hospitalized patients, of whom 19% required dialysis.
- Patients with COVID-19 kidney injury also have an increased duration of hospitalization, with increased healthcare costs. Unfortunately, there are many more deaths in those who have acute kidney injury.
- The observations of the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter payloads have yielded discovery-class findings, according to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- The observations of microflares of the Sun, during the quiet-Sun period, which provide important clues on the coronal heating problem of the Sun, were made by the XSM payload.
- The first-ever unambiguous detection of the hydration features of the Moon was achieved by Chandrayaan-2 with its infra-red spectrometer payload IIRS, which captured clear signatures of Hydroxyl and water-ice on the lunar surface
ICMR has granted permission to use drones
- The Civil Aviation Ministry has granted conditional permission to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to use drones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Manipur, and Nagaland to deliver vaccines beyond the visual line of sight.
- The ICMR has been permitted to use drones up to a height of 3,000 meters to deliver vaccines.
- Civil Aviation Ministry had launched the first its kind ‘Medicines from the Sky’ project at Vikarabad in Telangana under which drugs and vaccines will be delivered using drones.
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai has also received conditional permission to use drones for research, development, and testing purposes in its own premises.
- Both the organizations — the IIT and the ICMR — have been granted conditional exemption from Drone Rules, 2021.
- This exemption shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the said airspace clearance and shall be valid for a period of one year from the date of approval.
- Leveraging advancements in CRISPR-based genetic engineering, researchers have created a system that restrains populations of mosquitoes that infect millions each year with debilitating diseases.
- The “precision-guided sterile insect technique” (pgSIT), alters genes linked to male fertility—creating sterile offspring—and female flight in Aedes aegypti, the mosquito species responsible for spreading diseases including dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika.
- The pgSIT uses CRISPR to sterilize male mosquitoes and render female mosquitoes (which spread disease) flightless.
- The system is self-limiting and is not predicted to persist or spread in the environment, two safety features that should enable acceptance for this technology.
UN Flash appeal
- The international community has announced over $1.2 billion in aid for the Afghanistan humanitarian crisis with the U.N.
- It underlines the importance to engage with the Taliban to ensure continued humanitarian assistance in the country and address other concerns including terrorism, human rights, and the nature of the government.
- The United Nations convened a high-level ministerial event in Geneva on the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan to highlight the acute needs in the country and underscore the urgent funding support and actions required by international partners to support the people of Afghanistan.
- U.S. President Joe Biden will host Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Prime Minsters Yoshihide Suga of Japan, and Scott Morrison of Australia at the first-ever Quad leaders summit in Washington DC on September 24.
- The summit will discuss deepening ties, fighting COVID-19 and climate change, cooperation on emerging technologies and cyberspace, and promoting a free and open Indo-Pacific.
- The last Quad leaders summit was held virtually in March 2021, owing to the COVID-19 crisis.