1. Brisa Munda Birth Anniversary
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 15 paid tributes to revered tribal freedom fighter Birsa Munda on the occasion of Munda’s birth anniversary in 2000.
- He was born on 15th November 1875, belonged to the Munda tribe in the Chotanagpur Plateau area.
- He was known as Dharti Aaba (Father of Earth), Birsa Munda is known to have mobilized the tribal community against the British and had also forced the colonial officials to introduce laws protecting the land rights of the tribals.
- Having gained awareness of the British colonial ruler and the efforts of the missionaries to convert tribals to Christianity, Birsa started the faith of ‘Birsait’.
- Members of the Munda and Oraon community joined the Birsait sect and it turned into a challenge to British conversion activities.
- Further, he urged the Mundas to give up drinking liquor, clean their village, and stop believing in witchcraft and sorcery.
2. Kashi Vishwanath Temple Corridor project
- The Kashi Vishwanath Temple Corridor project is launched, alongside families of those who had been displaced due to the project.
- Over the years, there were buildings, housing, and another construction that came up around the temple, and that entire vista was obscured. The project has restored it.
- The project connects the temple with the ghats of the Ganga, with a paved walkway around 320 meters long and 20 meters wide.
- It will also have facilities for a museum, library, a facilitation center for pilgrims, and a Mumuksha Bhawan (salvation house).
- There would be a presence of the main ‘archakas’ of the 12 ‘Jyotirlingas’, with water from all major rivers of the country being brought in for the ‘abhishek’ of the main deity Baba Vishwanath.
3. Rice Blast in Wayanad
Rice blast, a fungal disease affecting paddy, is haunting farmers who had raised “Manuvarna”, a new rice variety released by the Kerala Agricultural University recently, on more than 250 acres in Wayanad district.
- The blast disease is caused by the fungus Pyricularia oryzae which is non-systemic in action.
- The spores of the fungus could have been released from hosts like Purple nutsedge and Echinochloa crusgalli
- It is abundantly present in the paddy fields, bunds, and on the sides of the irrigation channel of the affected area.
- This would have resulted in an increased concentration of spores in the air.
- Relative humidity of more than 93% and rainfall below 5 mm per day are the major predisposing factors especially during the mid tillering stage of the crop for the incidence of the blast.
- The ‘Manuvarna’ variety of paddy was released for the low lands of Kerala, especially for the Kole lands, wetland ecosystem.
4. SpaceX launches
- SpaceX just launched its second rocket this week, this time carrying a stack of Starlink satellites into orbit in a foggy flight, before sticking a booster landing at sea.
- The previously-flown Falcon 9 rocket blasted off from Space Launch Complex 40 here at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, marking the company’s 25th launch of the year.
- It also marked this particular booster’s ninth flight.
- The successful liftoff marked the first SpaceX Starlink launch from Florida on one of its 229-foot-tall workhorse Falcon 9 rockets in six months.
Click here to know about other missions
5. Tribal Nation summit
President Joe Biden will announce steps to improve public safety and justice for Native Americans during the first tribal nations summit since 2016.
- Leaders from more than 570 tribes in the United States are expected to join the two-day event, with nearly three dozen addressing the gathering.
- The summit is being held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic that has affected Native Americans and Alaska Natives at disproportionate rates.
- The summit coincides with National Native American Heritage Month and is being hosted by the White House for the first time.
- Mr. Biden also recently became the first President to issue a proclamation designating October 11 as Indigenous People’s Day, giving a boost to longstanding efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples.
6. COP26 World Leaders’ Summit
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 1, 2021, addressed the COP26 World Leaders’ Summit in Glasgow, Scotland, where he highlighted that adaptation has not gained much importance in the global climate debate as much as mitigation of climate crisis.
- During India’s national statement at COP26, he elaborated on India’s vision and efforts.
- He said India will achieve its net-zero carbon emissions target by 2070.
- Meanwhile, the COP26 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) began on October 31, 2021, in Glasgow, Scotland.
- Under the Presidency of the UK partnering with Italy in Glasgow, COP26 is being held from October 31 to November 12, 2021.
- India presented 3 perspectives in this regard.
- First, India urged world leaders to make adaptation a core part of our development policies and projects.
- Second, India emphasized that traditional practices should be given significant importance in our adaptation policies
- Third, India shared a vision of global support for local methods of adaptation.
National Statement at Climate Summit in Glasgow
India presented 5 goals of India at the COP26 Climate Summit to deal with the climate crisis.
- •India will achieve its net-zero carbon emissions target by 2070.
- •India will bring its non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW by 2030.
- •India will achieve 50 percent of its energy requirements from renewable energy by 2030.
- •India will reduce the total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes from now to 2030.
- •India will reduce the carbon intensity of its economy to less than 45 percent by 2030.
India proposed a One-Word Movement in the context of climate called LIFE (Lifestyle for Environment) and urged for collective participation to take LIFE forward as a campaign.
Click here to know more
7. New Record of El Sisrema
- Hundreds of violins, violas and double basses sounded at Venezuela’s military academy on November 13, then woodwinds, brass and percussion gradually joined in setting the record as the world’s largest orchestra.
- The musicians, all connected to the country’s network of youth orchestras, performed a roughly 10-minute Tchaikovsky piece outdoors under the watchful eyes of independent supervisors with the job of verifying that more than 8,097 instruments were playing simultaneously,
- It would break the current record.
- The country’s music network, known as “El Sistema,” had hoped to gather 12,000 musicians.
- The Guinness World Records will determine within 10 days whether a record was set. More than 250 supervisors were each assigned a group of musicians to observe during the record attempt.
- For the musicians to set a record, more than 8,097 had to be tallied playing at the same time during a five-minute period of Tchaikovsky’s “Slavonic March.
8. Lewis Hamilton
- Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton ended “the hardest weekend I’ve had” with a stunning victory at the Brazilian Grand Prix, and gained momentum in his Formula One title fight with Red Bull driver Max Verstappen.
- Hamilton, a seven-time world champion, beat Verstappen despite starting from 10th position on the grid due to a penalty — the second Hamilton faced this weekend in Sao Paulo.
- Verstappen, the winner of the race’s previous edition in 2019, finished second and saw his lead in the driver’s championship shrink to 14 points, with three races left. The winner of a race gets 25 points.
9. Valentino Rossi retires
- Rossi won nine world titles in total, with his seven triumphs in the top motorcycling series coming in the 2001-05 and 2008-09 seasons
- Valentino Rossi put an end to his acclaimed career of more than two decades with a 10th-place finish at the final MotoGP race of the season in Spain on November 14.
- Race-winner Francesco Bagnaia and the other riders followed Rossi after the race until the veteran Italian stopped in front of the grandstands to salute his fans.
- Members from other teams awaited him on the pitlane to honor the 42-year-old Italian after he completed his farewell lap on the track.
10. Balwant Moreshwar Purandare
- Noted historian and Padma Vibhushan awardee Balwant Moreshwar Purandare, popularly known as Babasaheb Purandare, died at a Pune hospital on November 15 after a brief illness.
- He was diagnosed with pneumonia owing to advanced age and was on ventilator support in the hospital’s intensive care unit.
- Known by his moniker ‘Shiv Shahir’ (literally Shivaji’s bard), Purandare was considered one of the pre-eminent authorities on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
11. Wilbur Smith
- Internationally acclaimed author Wilbur Smith died at his home in South Africa after a decades-long career in writing, his office said. He was 88.
- With 49 titles under his belt, Mr. Smith became a household name, his swashbuckling adventure stories taking readers from tropical islands to the jungles of Africa and even Ancient Egypt and World War II.
- Wilbur Smith’s novels have gripped readers for over half a century, selling over 140 million copies worldwide in more than thirty languages.
- His 1964 debut novel “When the Lion Feeds”, the tale of a young man growing up on a South African cattle ranch, became an instant bestseller and led to 15 sequels, tracing an ambitious family’s fortunes for more than 200 years.