Bank Exam Current Affairs – 28 September 2021

1. Tunnels in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. The all-weather connectivity between Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh is a step closer to reality with an “escape tunnel” with a Rs 2,300-crore Z-Morh tunnel.
  2. This would connect Srinagar to Sonamarg during the winter months
  3. It is another technological feat that would be achieved with the Rs 4,600-crore Zojila Tunnel that would further connect to Leh in the Ladakh region.
  4. Strategically built at 11,578 feet high altitude, the Zojila tunnel uses New Austrian Tunnel Method (NATM) technology that allows for ventilation and evacuation.
  5. The government-owned NHIDCL is the nodal agency for Z-Morh and Zojila tunnel projects.
  6. The 11,500 feet high Zojila tunnel is being vertically constructed because of the altitude.
  7. The Zojila project has a 5-km approach road and a 6.5-km tunnel.
  8. The tunnels also integrate Kargil to Kashmir valley.
  9. The Zojila tunnel is 14.15 km long, which is India’s longest road tunnel and Asia’s longest bi-directional tunnel.

2. National Mission on Cultural Mapping

  1. It was launched in 2017
  2. It has now been handed over to the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), which is gearing up for a trial run in 75 villages in October.
  3. The Culture Ministry had approved the mission in 2017 with a 469 crore budget from 2017-2018 to 2019-2020. However,  the project had been slow to take off.
  4. No direct benefits or assistance has been extended through this Mission to the registered artists/institution.
  5. One village in each State and UT will be selected

3. PM CARES Fund

  1. The PM CARES Fund is not a Government of India fund and the amount collected by it does not go to the Consolidated Fund of India.
  2. Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is discharging his functions in the PM Cares Trust on an honorary basis
  3. Its funds are audited by an auditor a chartered accountant drawn from the panel prepared by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
  4. The Fund is a public charitable trust with the Prime Minister as its Chairman. Other Members include Defence Minister, Home Minister, and Finance Minister.
  5. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has clarified that contributions by companies towards the PM-CARES Fund will count towards mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) expenditure.
  6. Under the Companies Act, 2013, companies with a minimum net worth of Rs 500 crore or turnover of Rs 1,000 crore, or net profit of Rs 5 crore are required to spend at least 2% of their average profit for the previous three years on CSR activities every year.

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4. Weaver Services and Design Resource Centre

  1. Weaver Services and Design Resource Centre is to be set up in Kullu to encourage attractive handicraft products of Himachal
  2. It also aims to provide a better platform for the export of these products in the international market.
  3. It is announced during Seva and Samarpan campaign on the occasion of the golden jubilee of the statehood of Himachal Pradesh at Kullu.
  4. More attention is needed to modernize the design, quality, packaging, and marketing so that the weavers get better prices for their products in the international market.
  5. In order to facilitate online sales platforms for weavers, MoU had been signed with Flipkart for doing online sales of products

5. Multi-member ward system

  1. The Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) government took a decision to reintroduce the multi-member ward system for all municipal councils and corporations instead of the existing single-member ward system.
  2. The decision comes ahead of the municipal council and corporation elections to be held later this year and early next year.
  3. There will be a three-member ward system in municipal corporations and a two-member ward system in municipal councils.
  4. There will be no change in the number of wards or corporators; the wards will be bunched together only for the purpose of the election

6. Electronic Park

  1. Uttar Pradesh government is gearing up to develop an ‘Electronic Park’ for electronic devices and accessories along the Yamuna Expressway near Noida,
  2. The Expressway already have seen the development of  Toy Park, Film City, Medical Device Park, and Leather Park
  3. The park is expected to attract an investment of Rs 50,000 crore and will provide employment to thousands of local youths
  4. The park is likely to be developed in an area of 250 acres either in Sector 14 or Sector 10 of the YEIDA near Jewar Airport
  5. National and international companies making mobile phones, TVs, and other electronic goods will establish their units in the park.

7. Dark energy

  1. Dark energy, the mysterious form of energy that makes up about 68% of the universe
  2. It has been noted as “the most profound mystery in all of science”.
  3. The XENON1T experiment is the world’s most sensitive dark matter experiment and was operated deep underground at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy.
  4. Everything we see – the planets, moons, massive galaxies make up less than 5% of the universe.
  5. About 27% is dark matter and 68% is dark energy.
  6. While dark matter attracts and holds galaxies together, dark energy repels and causes the expansion of our universe.

8. Decision Support System (DSS)

  1. A newly developed DSS will attempt to determine the source of air pollutants in Delhi-NCR
  2. It will be a part of the existing air quality forecasting system this year.
  3. An air quality early warning system, developed by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, has been operational in Delhi-NCR since 2018.
  4. Based on forecasts, the system provides warnings on severe air quality events.
  5. The DSS, which is likely to be introduced for the first time this year, is an extension of the existing system.

9. Rajaji Tiger Reserve issue on relaxations

  1. A Supreme Court-appointed committee has questioned relaxations given for the upgrade of a 4.7-km road in the buffer zone of Rajaji Tiger Reserve.
  2. The Central Empowered Committee (CEC) asked the state government why the length of an elevated road for the movement of animals was reduced to 400 meters from 1,410 meters
  3. 1,410 meters was suggested by an expert committee with members from the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) and Wildlife Institute of India (WII).
  4. The height of the passage was also revised down to 6 meters from 8 meters.
  5. The state government and MoEFCC have to reply to CEC’s questions within 15 days

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11. Naga Cucumber

  1. It is from Nagaland that gets the GI tag
  2. Naga cucumbers are juicy, soft, and sweet and are grown completely organically.
  3. They are low in calories but high in potassium and contain a high level of water & can serve as an alternative to consuming sports drinks.
  4. Cucumber has been traditionally cultivated by Naga farmers in their Jhum fields as a mixed crop mainly during the Kharif season (April –May).
  5. It is one of the important component crops in jhum cultivation.
  6. This is primarily grown as a cash crop along with paddy
  7. Some tribes like Konyak are found to grow cucumber all throughout the year by seed to seed method depending upon the soil type.
  8. Naga cucumbers are a kind of fruit that differ in taste, shape, and size from those available in other

12. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) prize

  1. It is given by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
  2. Every year, CSIR presents this award to scientists below 45 years of age for their contributions in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, medicine, engineering, and earth, atmosphere, ocean, and planetary sciences.
  3. The award comprises a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh.
  4. The 2021 SSB winner list did not feature any woman scientists.
  5. City-based astrophysicist Kanak Saha was among the 11 recipients of 2021
  6. Anish Ghosh, a member of the Indian Academy of Sciences and recipient of the award under mathematics
  7. The awardee from the engineering sciences category is Debdeep Mukhopadhyay, a faculty at IIT-Kharagpur.
  8. The awardees of biological sciences are Amit Singh from the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, and Arun Kumar Shukla of IIT-Kanpur.

13. World Oldest living twins

  1. Two Japanese sisters have been confirmed as the world’s oldest living identical twins and the oldest ever identical twins at the age of 107.
  2. Umeno Sumiyama and Koume Kodama were 107 years and 300 days old as of September 1.
  3. The oldest male identical twins ever verified by Guinness World Records were Dale and Glen Moyer, from the US, who both reached the age of 105.

14. Lewis Hamilton

  1. Lewis Hamilton 1st F1 Driver To Reach 100 Wins With Victory At Russian Grand Prix
  2. Lewis Hamilton won the Russian Grand Prix for his 100th Formula One Grand Prix success
  3. The seven-time champion had looked destined to come away for the fifth race in a row stuck on the 99 mark with McLaren’s Lando Norris firmly in command upfront.