Argutes

Bank Exam Current Affairs – 23 September 2021

1. Integrated Aroma Dairy Entrepreneurship

  1. The government proposed an Integrated Aroma Dairy Entrepreneurship for Jammu & Kashmir to augment the income of farmers.
  2. It is now being expanded as Aroma Mission Phase II and a floriculture mission has been recently launched.
  3. It is been launched in Jammu & Kashmir by the Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research (CSIR) under the aegis of the Union Ministry of Science & Technology.
  4. This will pave the way for integrated aroma dairy entrepreneurship, ensuring sustainable growth, increased income, and fresh avenues of livelihood for farmers.
  5. The Aroma Mission, also popularly referred to as “Lavender or Purple Revolution”, has started from Jammu & Kashmir and transformed the lives of farmers who are able to grow lavender, make a lucrative profit and improve their lives.
  6. The Aroma Mission was launched by the CSIR in line with PM Narendra Modi’s vision of improving farmers’ livelihood.
  7. Apart from providing planting material, distillation units are also given, and farmers are trained in extraction and many of them have become entrepreneurs as lavender oil is quite sought after.
  8. Apart from lavender, many high-value aromatic and medicinal cash crops have been introduced by CSIR in J&K.

2. Pradhan Mantri Digital Health Mission

  1. Central Government will announce the nationwide roll-out of the Pradhan Mantri Digital Health Mission
  2. Under this, a unique digital health ID will be provided to the people, which will contain all the health records of the person.
  3. This was announced during his Independence Day speech last year which stated a launch of a new campaign called National Digital Health Mission (NDHM).
  4. Under this mission every Indian will get a Health ID card every time a person visits a doctor or a pharmacy, everything will be logged in this card.
  5. From the doctor’s appointment to the medication, everything will be available in a person’s health profile.
  6. The mission is being rolled out on a pilot basis in six union territories including Puducherry, Chandigarh, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman, Diu, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli.
  1. The Central Government has amended a 50-year-old rule and allowed IAS, IPS, and IFoS officers to retain gifts they receive from foreign dignitaries while being members of the Indian delegation.
  2. As per existing rules, these officers were allowed to accept gifts from their near relatives or from personal friends having no official dealings with them, on the occasions like weddings, funerals, anniversaries, and religious functions.
  3. However, they are required to make a report to the government if the value of such gift is more than Rs 25,000.
  4. Gifts comprise free transport, free lodging, free boarding, or any other service or pecuniary advantage provided by a person other than a near relative or personal friend having no official dealings.
  5. It does not include any casual meal, casual lift, or other social hospitality.

4. Blue Flag Certification

  1. Blue Flag Certification was given for 2 new beaches this year –Kovalam in Tamil Nadu and Eden in Puducherry beaches.
  2. Foundation for Environment Education in Denmark (FEE) accords the globally recognized eco-label – Blue Flag certification
  3. It has also given re-certification for 8 nominated beaches Shivrajpur-Gujarat, Ghoghla-Diu, Kasarkod and Padubidri-Karnataka, Kappad-Kerala, Rushikonda- Andhra Pradesh, Golden-Odisha and Radhanagar- Andaman and Nicobar, which were awarded the Blue Flag certificate last year.

BEAMS

  1. India  embarked upon a highly acclaimed & flagship program Beach Environment & Aesthetics Management Services (BEAMS)
  2. which is one of the initiatives under the ICZM approach that the MoEF&CC has undertaken for the sustainable development of coastal  regions of India
  3. The prime objective is to protect and conserve the pristine coastal and marine ecosystems through holistic management of the resources.
  4. This was aimed at achieving the globally recognized and coveted International eco-label “Blue Flag”, accorded by the International Jury comprising of members from IUCN, UNWTO, UNEP, UNESCO, etc.
  5. FEE Denmark conducts regular monitoring & audits for strict compliance with the 33 criteria at all times.
  6. A waving “Blue Flag” is an indication of 100% compliance to these 33 stringent criteria and sound health of the beach.

5. Cuneiform clay tablet

6. Substitute for single-use plastic

  1.  Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (IISc) have found a way to make a substitute for single-use plastic (SUP)
  2. Mechanism Non-edible Castor oil was used in this process of making the polymer which involves allowing them to react with the cellulose (from agriculture stubble) and di-isocyanate compound
  3. These polymers can be molded into sheets having properties suitable for making bags, cutlery, or containers.
  4. The material so made is biodegradable, leak-proof, and non-toxic.

7. Hydrophobic Cotton

  1.  Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati, has developed a new class of super-hydrophobic cotton composite with Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) that promise marine oil-spill clean-up in near future.
  2. Hydrophobic Cotton is a highly porous and water-repellent super-hydrophobic cotton composite material containing MOF, which can absorb oil selectively from an oil-water mixture.
  3. The MOF composite has great capability for selective separation of the oils from oil/water mixtures and the separation efficiency lies between 95 percent and 98 percent, irrespective of the chemical composition and density of the oils.
  4. MOF composite is also able to absorb large volumes of oils and can be reused a minimum of 10 times so that the sorbents can provide more recovery of the spilled oil.

Advantages

  1. The practical applications of this research include cleaning the spilled oil from environmental water (river, sea, or ocean water) during oil transportation
  2. It has high efficiency and a large absorption capacity
  3. It helps in reducing environmental water pollution.
  4. Both heavy and light oils can be effectively absorbed by the material
  5. It is easy to prepare, cost-effective, and recyclable.

8. India and Renewable Energy

  1. India has added 521 MW of rooftop solar capacity in April-June this year, which is the highest capacity installed in a quarter, according to Mercom India report.
  2. India added 521 megawatts (MW) of rooftop solar capacity in the second quarter (Q2) of the calendar year (CY) 2021, a 53% increase quarter-on-quarter (QoQ) compared to 341 MW installed in Q1 2021 (January-March).
  3. Rooftop solar installations were up 517% year-over-year (YoY) compared to the 85 MW installed in Q2 2020 (April-June 2020).
  4. Rooftop solar capacity additions in India in Q2 2021 (April-June) were the highest in a quarter.
  5. The lockdowns were very targeted, and the industry was well prepared this time around, which minimized the effect on installation activity.
  6. This quarter’s installation numbers were skewed due to a large amount of residential rooftop solar capacity commissioned in Gujarat.

9. WHO and Global Air Standards

  1. The World Health Organisation has updated the global air pollution standards which is the first-ever update since 2005
  2. It has tightened standards in a recognition of the emerging science in the last decade that the impact of air pollution on health is much more serious than earlier envisaged.
  3. The move doesn’t immediately impact India as the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) don’t meet the WHO’s existing standards.
  4. The government has a dedicated National Clean Air Programme that aims for a 20% to 30% reduction in particulate matter concentrations by 2024 in 122 cities, keeping 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
  5. These are cities that don’t meet the NAAQS when calculated from 2011-2015

Changes

  1. The upper limit of annual PM2.5 as per the 2005 standards, which is what countries now follow, is 10 micrograms per cubic meter. That has now been revised to five micrograms per cubic meter.
  2. The 24-hour ceiling used to be 25 micrograms but has now dropped to 15.
  3. The PM10, or particulate matter of size exceeding 10 micrograms, the upper limit is 20 micrograms and has now been revised to 15 whereas the 24-hour value has been revised from 50 to 45 micrograms.

10. European Union-funded project drops gene-sequencing

  1. A European Union-funded project to build a genomic map of Poland plans to drop gene-sequencing technology from China’s BGI Group over concerns about data security.
  2. The Genomic Map of Poland’s concerns stems from questions over how Polish genomic data may be used that relate to national security

Whole-genome sequencing

  1. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS), also known as full genome sequencing, complete genome sequencing, or entire genome sequencing
  2. It is the process of determining the entirety, or nearly the entirety, of the DNA sequence of an organism’s genome at a single time.
  3. This entails sequencing all of an organism’s chromosomal DNA as well as DNA contained in the mitochondria and, for plants, in the chloroplast.
  4. In the future of personalized medicine, whole-genome sequence data may be an important tool to guide therapeutic intervention.
  5. Whole-genome sequencing should not be confused with DNA profiling, which only determines the likelihood that genetic material came from a particular individual or group, and does not contain additional information on genetic relationships, origin, or susceptibility to specific diseases.
  6. As of 2017, there were no complete genomes for any mammals, including humans.
  7. Between 4% to 9% of the human genome, mostly satellite DNA, had not been sequenced

11. World Alzheimer’s Day

  1. World Alzheimer’s Day is observed on September 21
  2. World Alzheimer’s Day aims to raise awareness about Alzheimer’s and dementia
  3. The theme for World Alzheimer’s Month in 2021 is ‘Know dementia, know Alzheimer’s’
  4. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, which are degenerative brain diseases that destroy the memory and other brain functions of a person.

12. International Day of Peace

  1. Each year the International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21 September.
  2. The UN General Assembly has declared this as a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace, through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire.
  3. 2021 Theme: Recovering better for an equitable and sustainable world