Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 23 November 2021

1. Rani Gaidinliu Tribal  Museum

  1. Union Home Minister laid the foundation for ‘Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ in the state through video conferencing.
  2. The museum is to be set up at Luangkao village, Tamenglong district, the birthplace of freedom fighter Rani Gaidinliu, at an estimated cost of Rs 15 crore under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

About Rani Gaidinliu

  1. Gaidinliu was born in Nungkao, Manipur, on January 26, 1915, to Lothonang Pamei and Kachaklenliu.
  2. She was a member of the Rongmei tribe, a powerful Naga tribe. Gaidinliu did not receive a formal education due to a lack of schools in the area.
  3.  Rani Gaidinliu, or Rani Maa as she was affectionately known, sparked a wave of nationalism among the people of the North East.
  4.  She rallied people against the British and issued a rallying cry for liberty, declaring, “We are free people, white men should not rule over us…”
  5. Gaidinliu was only 13 years old when her cousin and Guru, Haipou Jadonang, introduced her to the Heraka movement.
  6. The threat she posed was so great that the British reportedly offered a reward of Rs 500 and tax relief for the entire village if anyone could reveal her whereabouts.
  7. She was said to have been captured from Pulomi village, where she and her supporters were constructing a wooden fortress, after several failed attempts.
  8. Rani Maa was arrested in 1932 when she was only 16 years old and was tried and sentenced to life in prison in 1933.
  9. Only after India gained independence in 1947 was she able to be set free. She was most likely the only female freedom fighter who had been imprisoned for nearly 15 years.
  10. She opposed the Naga National Council, which was waging a secessionist campaign. She aspired to create a separate Zeliangrong territory within the Indian Union.
  11. She also advocated for the Naga tribal religion to be revived. As a result, she was opposed by many Nagas who had converted to Christianity by the 1960s.
  12. She spent six years in the underground fighting Naga insurgents before coming out in 1966, thanks to an agreement with the Indian government.
  13.  She then began working for a separate Zeliangrong administrative unit through peaceful and democratic means.
  14.  In 1972, she received the Tamrapatra Freedom Fighter Award; in 1982, she received the Padma Bhushan; and in 1983, she received the Vivekananda Seva Award.
  15. She returned to her hometown in 1991 and died in 1993 at the age of 78. She received the Birsa Munda award after her death.

 2. Virtual Science Lab: Jigyasa Program

  1. India’s first virtual science lab for children under the ‘CSIR Jigyasa’ program that will connect students with scientists across the country was launched.
  2. CSIR has partnered with IIT Bombay to develop a virtual lab platform under the ‘CSIR Jigyasa’ program, which facilitates classroom learning with laboratory research for school students.
  3. It will not only take science to all segments of students in every corner of the country but is also in tune with the National Education Policy (NEP).
  4. Accordingly, the students are allowed to choose any subject and the concept of streams has been disbanded.
  5. The new facility will immensely benefit the students from Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya
  6. The target audience for the virtual lab is students of standards VI to XII (11-18 years), who would like to explore science using different activities, the release said.
  7. The content will be available in English initially but has been planned to be made available in Hindi and other regional languages as well.


  1. The JIGYASA program focuses on spreading awareness about the importance of science in society via a practical educational setup, especially among students and teachers.
  2. It boasts a culture of inquisitiveness and enables students and teachers to live the theoretical concepts of science through practical hands-on projects and examples in the CSIR laboratories.
  3. It is expected to connect 1151 Kendriya Vidyalaya’s with 38 CSIR National Laboratories.
  4. The JIGYASA program targets around 100,000 students and 1000 teachers annually.
  5. It extends classroom education with well-planned laboratories for more practical learning and connects school students with scientists to develop a logical understanding of science and technology.

 3. The Global State of Democracy Report, 2021

The number of countries moving towards authoritarianism in 2020 was higher than that of countries going in the other direction, towards democracy, the Global State of Democracy Report, 2021 released by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International-IDEA

While 20 countries moved in the direction of authoritarianism, seven countries moved towards democracy, the report said.

Highlights of the report

  1. The pandemic has prolonged this existing negative trend into a five-year stretch, the longest such period since the start of the third wave of democratization in the 1970s.
  2. Democratically elected Governments, including established democracies, are increasingly adopting authoritarian tactics.
  3. This democratic backsliding has often enjoyed significant popular support.
  4. The report highlighted the case of Brazil and India as “some of the most worrying examples of backsliding.
  5. However, India remained in the category of a mid-level performing democracy as it has since 2000, the report showed.
  6. The United States and three members of the European Union (EU) [Hungary, Poland and Slovenia] have also seen concerning democratic declines.
  7. In non-democratic regimes, the trend was deepening.

4. EAS Conference on Maritime Security Cooperation

  1. The fifth EAS Conference on Maritime Security Cooperation will be held in Kolkata on 23-24 November 2021.
  2. The event is being organized by India in partnership with Australia.
  3. Apart from the two governments, organizers include the ASEAN-India Centre (AIC) at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS) in collaboration with National Maritime Foundation (NMF) of Australia and the Research Centre for East and North East Regional Studies, Kolkata (CENERS-K).
  4. During the conference, experts from both  will deliberate upon various aspects of maritime security cooperation under four thematic sessions
  5. The Sessions are Maritime Security; Resource and Information Sharing; Science and Technology Cooperation; and Pandemic and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management.

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5. AUSKUS Agreement

  1. Australia formally embarked on a hotly contested programme to equip its Navy with nuclear-powered submarines in a new defence alliance with Britain and the United States.
  2. It is the first agreement on the technology to be publicly signed since the three countries announced in September the formation of a defence alliance, AUKUS
  3. AUKUS was formed to confront strategic tensions in the Pacific where China-US rivalry is growing.
  4. The deal will help Australia to complete an 18-month study into the submarine procurement
  5. Details of the procurement have yet to be decided, including whether Australia will opt for a vessel based on U.S. or British nuclear-powered attack submarines.
  6. With access to the information this agreement delivers, coupled with the decades of naval nuclear-powered experience our U.K. and U.S. partners have, Australia will also be positioned to be responsible and reliable stewards of this technology
  7. Under the AUKUS deal, Australia would obtain eight state-of-the-art, nuclear-powered but conventionally armed submarines capable of stealthy, long-range missions.

6. UNESCO Peace Media Awards-2021

  1. TV show produced by Doordarshan and radio show by All India Radio received multiple awards at the recently held ABU – UNESCO Peace Media Awards-2021 at Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia.
  2. All India Radio’s programme ‘Living on the edge – The coastal lives’ won an award in the category of ‘Ethical and Sustainable Relationship with Nature’.
  3. Doordarshan’s programme ‘DEAFinitely Leading the Way won an award under ‘Living Well with Super Diversity’ category.
  4. The award presentation ceremony was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 17th of November.
  5. The awards were given by UNESCO in collaboration with Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union under ‘Together for Peace’ initiative.
  6. All India Radio series ‘Living on the edge – The coastal lives’ explores life for fishing communities living on the edge in Visakhapatnam.
  7. This programme was devised and produced by Monika Gulati, Programme Executive of All India Radio in Delhi.
  8. ‘DEAFinitely Leading the Way’ talks about the inspiring journey of a specially-abled child. The purpose of the documentary is to motivate specially-abled persons to live their life with dignity.
  9. The documentary was produced and directed by Pradeep Agnihotri, Programme Executive of Doordarshan in Delhi.