Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 01 August 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 01 August 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. The core sector output shrinks in June.
  2. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage Act 2019) – the first anniversary celebrated.

1. The core sector output shrinks in June

News Summary

According to the data released by the Commerce Ministry, the index of eight core sector industries output has shrunk for the fourth month in June 2020 also. In the eight core sector industries, only the Fertilizer industry saw a rise whereas all other industries have seen a sharp decline. This shows that the agriculture sector was having a positive outlook during the lockdown also.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

Index of Eight Core Industries and IIP:

Refer to the prelims content of  Index of Eight Core Industries and IIP on 1st July 2020.

2. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage Act 2019) – the first anniversary celebrated.

News Summary

Hon’ble Union Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi was addressing a virtual function organized by Minority Affairs Ministry to mark the first anniversary of the passage of the law which made Triple Talaq a criminal offence.

(Note: This act is very important for Mains examination.)

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Social Justice

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage Act 2019): -(Highlights)
  • This is an Act to protect the rights of married Muslim women and to prohibit divorce by pronouncing talaq by their husbands and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • Meaning of “talaq”: “talaq” means talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq having the effect of instantaneous and irrevocable divorce pronounced by a Muslim husband.
  • Any pronouncement of talaq by a Muslim husband upon his wife, by words, either spoken or written or in electronic form or in any other manner whatsoever, shall be void and illegal. (Section 3)
  • Any Muslim husband who pronounces talaq referred to in section 3 upon his wife shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.
  • A married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced shall be entitled to receive from her husband such amount of subsistence allowance, for her and dependent children, as may be determined by the Magistrate.
  • Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, a married Muslim woman shall be entitled to custody of her minor children in the event of pronouncement of talaq by her husband, in such manner as may be determined by the Magistrate.
  • Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973,—
    • (a) an offence punishable under this Act shall be cognizable, if information relating to the commission of the offence is given to an officer in charge of a police station by the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced or any person related to her by blood or marriage;
    • (b) an offence punishable under this Act shall be compoundable, at the instance of the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced with the permission of the Magistrate, on such terms and conditions as he may determine;
    • (c) no person accused of an offence punishable under this Act shall be released on bail unless the Magistrate, on an application filed by the accused and after hearing the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced, is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail to such person.

For more information on the Act, click here to view the official act.

Analysis :
  • Muslim women have been made free from the social evil of Triple Talaq.
  • Gender equality has been brought through the passage of this law.
  • By bringing law against the social evil of Triple Talaq, the Government of India has strengthened constitutional, fundamental and democratic rights of Muslim women.
  • By making the pronouncement of Triple Talaq as a criminal offence, this law acts as a necessary deterrent in eradicating this social evil.
  • Also, compoundable offence provision in this law indicates a welcome step for reconciliation.
  • Right to Life, Right to equality and religious rights of Muslim women have been ensured through this law.
  • This is truly a watershed moment on the empowerment of women in par with men.
  • As said by Hon’ble Minister of Minority Affairs, August 1 will remain as a golden moment of Indian democracy and parliamentary history.

 

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