Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 02 August 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 02 August 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. 100th Punya  Tithi of Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
  2. Alzheimer’s disease.
  3. Schizophrenia.
  4. Arab world’s first nuclear plant.

1. 100th Punya Tithi of Bal Gangadhar Tilak

News Summary

Hon’ble Home Minister of India Shri. Amit Shah was addressing the Indian Council of Cultural Relations Online Conference on 1st August on the 100th death anniversary of freedom fighter Shri. Bala Gangadhar Tilak. Hon’ble Home Minister said that it was Tilak who made the freedom struggle truly Indian. He also added that Tilak fought for Independence on one hand while he campaigned against cow slaughter on the other hand. His influence was visible in the lives of Mahatma Gandhi, Veer Savarkar, and Madan Mohan Malviya, he noted.  Hon’ble Home Minister Shri. Amit Shah also urged the youth to study Tilak’s speeches and life for inspiration.

Prelims GS – History

(Note: Always any news like this 100th birth/death anniversaries of leaders assume greater significance in UPSC  Civil Services Exam. This is how portions of  history should be studied smartly)

Bal Gangadhar Tilak:(1856-1920)
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak is one of the greatest freedom fighters of India.
  • He was also called Lokmanya Tilak.
  • He was also called “Father of the Indian Unrest” by the British colonial rulers.
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru called him the “Father of Indian Revolution” and Mahatma Gandhi called him “the maker of Modern India”.
  • He was not a moderate leader. He was an extremist leader with a radical and aggressive stance against the British.
  • He used Ganapathi and Shivaji Festivals to create unity and a feeling of nationality among people by propagating his swadeshi ideas.
  • He founded the Deccan Education Society in 1884 to educate common people in English.
  • Tilak founded the First Home Rule league in April 1916 even before Annie Besant Home Rule League which was started in September 1916. (Note: Remember this for timeline-based questions in Exam)
  • Tilak’s Home rule league had its headquarters in Poona and was concentrated in Maharashtra(excluding Bombay city), Karnataka, Central Provinces, and Berar whereas Annie Besant Home Rule League was concentrated in the rest of the parts of India. (Note: Remember the difference of Annie Besant and Tilak Home Rule League)
  • Tilak and Annie Besant worked together for the reunion of Moderates and Extremists in Lucknow Session of Indian National Congress in 1916.
  • Tilak’s famous slogan is “Swaraj(Freedom) is my birthright and I shall have it” which was recently quoted by Hon’ble Home Minister of India Shri.Amit Shah.
  • Tilak edited Kesari, a Marathi newspaper, and Mahratta in English.
  •  Tilak wrote Gita Rahasya‘ – an analysis of the Karma Yoga which finds its source in The Bhagavad Gita during his years in prison.
  • As said by Hon’ble PM of India Shri. Narendra Modi, Shri. Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s intellect, courage, sense of justice, and the idea of Swaraj continue to inspire.

2. Alzheimer’s disease

News Summary

According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, a new blood test may help detect Alzheimer’s disease even before 20 years of the onset of cognitive impairment. The phosphor-tau217 protein found in the tangles in the brain could be an accurate indicator in living people.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

Alzheimer’s disease:
  • It is a progressive disease beginning with mild memory loss possibly leading to loss of the ability to carry on a conversation and respond to the environment.
  • It seriously affects a person’s ability to carry on day-to-day activities.
  • It is the most common form of dementia.
  • Usually, this disease occurs in aged people especially above the age of 60 years. But younger people may also get this disease.
  • Symptoms: Memory loss, difficulty to do daily activities, misplaces items, and unable to retrace them.
  • There is no known cure for Alzheimer’s disease yet.
  • Helping people maintain mental function, managing behavioral symptoms, slowing or delaying the symptoms of the disease are some of the focus areas of the treatment.

3. Schizophrenia

News Summary

A study of some people with schizophrenia finds an association between specific alleles (immune response variant genes) and the schizophrenia disorder.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

Schizophrenia:
  • Schizophrenia is associated with symptoms such as hearing voices, false beliefs, and trouble with thinking and concentration.
  • It is a chronic brain disorder where people interpret reality abnormally.
  • Its cause is not known exactly and there is no cure for this disorder.
  • However, scientists and experts are unraveling the causes of the disease by studying genetics, conducting behavioral research, and using advanced imaging to look at the brain’s structure and functions.
  • This is a ray of hope for new and more effective therapies.
  • Also, Schizophrenia does not refer to multiple or split personality.

Click here to know more about Schizophrenia.

4. Arab world’s first nuclear plant

News Summary

The United Arab Emirates announced the startup of its first nuclear reactor at the Barakah nuclear plant.

Prelims GS – World News for exam

Barakah Nuclear Plant:
  • Barakah nuclear plant is the first nuclear plant in the Arabian Peninsula.
  • It is located in the UAE.

(Note: For world news, we need not study deeper about the news. Just understand the location of Barakah nuclear plant in UAE)

 

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