In Today’s News:
- Office of CGPDT
- Muslim Women Rights Day
1. Office of CGPDT
Union Minister for Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs and Textile, Shri Piyush Goyal reviewed the functioning of the Office of Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks in Mumbai and deliberated on ways to build a robust Intellectual Property Rights infrastructure.
Prelims GS – Governance
Office of CGPDT:
- The Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs & Trade Marks (CGPDTM) is located in Mumbai.
- It functions under the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
- The Controller General supervises the working of the Patents Act, 1970, the Designs Act, 2000, and the Trade Marks Act, 1999 and also renders advice to the Government on matters relating to these subjects.
Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.
2. Muslim Women Rights Day
Muslim Women Rights Day” was observed by different organizations across the country on 1st August 2021 where Muslim women wholeheartedly thanked Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for bringing the law against Triple Talaq.
Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB press release.
Mains GS2 – Social Justice
The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage Act 2019): -(Highlights)
- This is an Act to protect the rights of married Muslim women and to prohibit divorce by pronouncing talaq by their husbands and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
- Meaning of “talaq”: “talaq” means talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq having the effect of instantaneous and irrevocable divorce pronounced by a Muslim husband.
- Any pronouncement of talaq by a Muslim husband upon his wife, by words, either spoken or written or in electronic form or in any other manner whatsoever, shall be void and illegal. (Section 3)
- Any Muslim husband who pronounces talaq referred to in section 3 upon his wife shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.
- A married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced shall be entitled to receive from her husband such amount of subsistence allowance, for her and dependent children, as may be determined by the Magistrate.
- Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, a married Muslim woman shall be entitled to custody of her minor children in the event of pronouncement of talaq by her husband, in such manner as may be determined by the Magistrate.
- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973,—
- (a) an offence punishable under this Act shall be cognizable, if information relating to the commission of the offence is given to an officer in charge of a police station by the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced or any person related to her by blood or marriage;
- (b) an offence punishable under this Act shall be compoundable, at the instance of the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced with the permission of the Magistrate, on such terms and conditions as he may determine;
- (c) no person accused of an offence punishable under this Act shall be released on bail unless the Magistrate, on an application filed by the accused and after hearing the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced, is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail to such person.
For more information on the Act, click here to view the official act.
- Muslim women have been made free from the social evil of Triple Talaq.
- Gender equality has been brought through the passage of this law.
- By bringing law against the social evil of Triple Talaq, the Government of India has strengthened the constitutional, fundamental, and democratic rights of Muslim women.
- By making the pronouncement of Triple Talaq a criminal offence, this law acts as a necessary deterrent in eradicating this social evil.
- Also, the compoundable offence provision in this law indicates a welcome step for reconciliation.
- Right to Life, the Right to equality, and religious rights of Muslim women have been ensured through this law.
- This is truly a watershed moment on the empowerment of women on par with men.
- As said by the Hon’ble Minister of Minority Affairs, August 1 will remain a golden moment of Indian democracy and parliamentary history.
- Triple Talaq has proved to be a “big reform” to ensure the Constitutional rights of Muslim women.
The Ministry of Ayush and U.K.’s London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) have collaborated to conduct a study on ‘Ashwagandha’ to understand its efficacy in COVID patients.
Prelims GS – Environment
- Scientific name: Withania somnifera
- Commonly known as Indian winter cherry.
- It is a traditional Indian herb.
- It boosts energy, reduces stress, and makes the immune system stronger.
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