In Today’s News:
- China imports Indian rice.
1. China imports Indian rice
China has imported Indian rice for the first time in the last 30 years. Due to tightened supplies from Thailand, Myanmar, and Vietnam and the price was costlier than India, China has resorted to this move of buying rice from India.
Prelims GS – Agriculture
Rice cultivation in India:
- India is the World’s biggest exporter of Rice. (Note: 2019 UPSC Prelims Question)
- Rice cultivation in India extends from 8 to35ºN latitudes and from sea level to as high as 3000 meters.
- Rice crop needs a hot and humid climate.
- Rice is best suited to regions that have high humidity, prolonged sunshine, and an assured supply of water.
- The average temperature required throughout the life period of the crop ranges from 21 to 37º C.
- The rice-growing areas in the country can be broadly grouped into five regions as discussed below :
- i. North-Eastern Region: This region comprises Assam and Northeastern states. In Assam rice is grown in the basin of the Brahmaputra river. This region receives very heavy rainfall and rice is grown under rain-fed conditions.
- ii. Eastern Region: This region comprises Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. In this region, rice is grown in the basins of the Ganga and Mahanadi rivers and has the highest intensity of rice cultivation in the country. This region receives heavy rainfall and rice is grown mainly under rainfed conditions.
- iii. Northern Region: This region comprises Haryana, Punjab, Western Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir. The region experiences low winter temperature and a single crop of rice from May-July to September-December is grown.
- iv. Western Region: This region comprises Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan. Rice is largely grown under the rainfed condition from June-August to October – December.
- v. Southern Region: This region comprises Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Rice is mainly grown in deltaic tracts of Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery rivers and the non-deltaic rain fed area of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Rice is grown under irrigated conditions in deltaic tracts.
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