Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 03 June 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 03 June 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Cyclone Nisarga is likely to hit Mumbai.
  2. Trump invites Modi for the G7 summit.
  3. India’s role in WHO as the Chair of WHO’s Executive Board.
  4. NDRF sends in reinforcements to tackle Cyclone Nisarga in Mumbai.
  5. Electronics Incentive Schemes launched.

 

1. Cyclone Nisarga likely to hit Mumbai

News Summary

A new cyclone Nisarga has been formed in the Arabian Sea. It is expected to hit Mumbai and Gujarat. Indian Meteorological Department has declared a red alert in Mumbai. People were asked to stay indoors. A storm surge warning was also issued by IMD for the low lying areas.

Prelims GS – Geography

IMD:
  • Indian Meteorological Department.
  • IMD is under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • It is the principal agency for reporting all weather-related forecasts, seismology, and meteorological observations.

Mini Insights

Mains GS1 – Geography

South West Monsoon:
  • Occurs in the Months of June to September.
  • Low pressure develops over interior Asia as well as Northwest India
  • This leads to the reversal of the direction of winds during summer.
  • Now the air moves from high-pressure area over the Southern India Ocean to low-pressure area over the Indian mainland.
  • This leads to the formation of cyclones and these are known as Southwest Monsoon winds and bring heavy rainfall in North India and Western Ghats areas.

 

2. Trump invites Modi for G7 summit:

Prelims GS – International Relations & Mains GS2 – International Relations

President of America has invited Hon’ble PM of India Shri. Narendra Modi Ji in the next G-7 summit which is to be hosted by the United States of America. President of America Trump wishes to extend the G-7 membership to important countries like India, etc.

 

3. India’s role in WHO as the Chair of WHO’s Executive Board

Prelims GS- International Relations & Mains GS2 – International Relations

India has been elected as the Chair of WHO’s Executive Board. Hon’ble Minister of Health and Family Welfare Shri. Harsh Vardhan has been elected as the Chair of the Executive Board of WHO.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

How can India make use of the opportunity in WHO as the Chair of WHO’s Executive Board?
  • Currently, the World Health Organisation is handling the pandemic situation.
  • At this juncture, India as a Chair should insist on epidemic prevention as the primary goal of the International Community.
  • Also, India should work along with the WHO Secretariat on how to improvise the prevention strategies and fast track the development of vaccination for Covid-19.
  • India should also promote the establishment of a multilateral governance mechanism to tackle Covid-19 and make sure that vaccines are distributed to all countries.
  • This is the opportunity for India to learn how WHO operates in tackling the Pandemic crisis
  • India can expose in solving the Political tensions in WHO due to the recent warning which was given by Trump regarding temporary funding freeze to WHO.
  • India may introduce a blanket ban of consumption and trade of wild animals as recently viruses and diseases spread from wild animals.

 

4. NDRF sends in reinforcements to tackle Cyclone Nisarga in Mumbai

News Summary

To tackle the Cyclone Nisarga in Mumbai, NDRF has sent in additional personnel to Mumbai. The NDRF has placed three standby teams in Mumbai to tackle the devastation which is likely to be caused due to Cyclone Nisarga. In the Covid-19 pandemic situation, NDRF has provided Personal Protection Equipments to its personnel due to the high spread of Covid-19 in Mumbai.

Prelims GS – Disaster Management

NDRF:
  • National Disaster Response Force.
  • It is under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • NDRF is an Indian specialized force to tackle the threatening disaster as per the Disaster Management Act 2005.

Mini insights

Mains GS3 – Disaster Management

The Role played by NDRF:
  • The proactive availability of NDRF to the States is the key principle of NDRF.
  • NDRF prepositions itself in the States whenever there is an imminent danger due to disasters.
  • This has helped in minimizing the devastating effects of disasters like Cyclones, Floods, Earthquakes, etc.
  • NDRF handles the situation on a war footing basis.
  • Not only Cyclones, floods, and earthquakes are being tackled by NDRF, but also NDRF has prepared itself to tackle Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear disasters (CBRN).
  • In Delhi, Cobalt-60  radiological material was retrieved by NDRF in 2010 which is a commendable achievement of CBRN related handling by NDRF.
  • NDRF has also handled so many inland operations as well as international operations
  • NDRF usually conducts Community Preparedness Programmes to make the people aware of how to be safe during disasters.

 

5. Electronics Incentive Schemes launched

Prelims GS– Economic Development & Mains GS3 – Economic Development

Three electronics-based incentive schemes were approved by Cabinet in March 2020. These schemes were launched by Hon’ble Telecom and IT Minister Shri. Ravishankar Prasad with a total outlay of about Rs.48000 crores.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

The three schemes are,

  • Production Linked Incentive Scheme.
  • Component Manufacturing Scheme.
  • Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters.
  • Production Linked Incentive Scheme targeted at mobile phone manufacturing and specified Electronic Components.
  • These schemes will boost the large scale electronic manufacturing capacity of India.

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Economic Development

Benefits of Electronics Incentive Schemes:
  • Boost to the electronics manufacturing capacity of India.
  • Employment generation in these electronic manufacturing industries.
  • A step towards Self-Reliant India.
  • Capacity enhancement in Electronics and Mobile Phone Manufacturing Industries in India.
  • Development of Ecosystem for these Electronics Industries.

 

 

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