Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 04 January 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 04 January 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Central Vigilance Commission.
  2. FSSAI caps TFA limits.

1. Central Vigilance Commission

News Summary

CVC has directed the Chief Vigilance Officers to complete the pending cases initiated between Jan 2011 and Dec 2018 within May 31st.

Prelims GS – Polity

CVC:
  • The Central Vigilance Commission(CVC) was set up by the Government in February,1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
  • CVC are conceived to be the apex vigilance institution, free of control from any executive authority, monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government and advising various authorities in Central Government organizations in planning, executing, reviewing and reforming their vigilant work.
  • The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by a Government Resolution in 1964. The Commission was accorded the status of independent statutory authority through the Central Vigilance Commission Act,2003.
  • CVC is now a statutory body.
  • The Commission shall consist of:
    • A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson;
    • Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members;
  • The Central Vigilance Commission has its own Secretariat, Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE), and a wing of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI).
Mission of CVC:

To promote integrity in the governance processes by:

  • Creation of credible deterrence against corruption through prompt enforcement of anti-corruption laws and regulations
  • Undertaking effective preventive measures to minimize the scope of corruption.
  • Raising public awareness to inculcate ethical values and reduce society’s tolerance towards corruption.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Polity

Role and Functions of the Central Vigilance Commission:
  • Exercise superintendence over the functioning of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) insofar as it relates to the investigation of offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; or an offense under the Cr.PC for certain categories of public servants – section 8(1)(a);
  • Give directions to the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) for superintendence insofar as it relates to the investigation of offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – section 8(1)(b);
  • To inquire or cause an inquiry or investigation to be made on a reference by the Central Government – section 8(1)(c);
  • To inquire or cause an inquiry or investigation to be made into any complaint received against any official belonging to such category of officials specified in sub-section 2 of Section 8 of the CVC Act, 2003 – section 8(1)(d);
  • Review the progress of investigations conducted by the DSPE into offenses alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 or an offense under the Cr.PC – section (8)(1)(e);
  • Review the progress of the applications pending with the competent authorities for sanction of prosecution under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – section 8(1)(f);
  • Tender advice to the Central Government and its organizations on such matters as may be referred to it by them – section 8(1) (g);
  • Exercise superintendence over the vigilance administrations of the various Central Government Ministries, Departments and Organizations of the Central Government – section 8(1)(h);
  • Shall have all the powers of a Civil court while conducting any inquiry – section 11;
  • Respond to Central Government on mandatory consultation with the Commission before making any rules or regulations governing the vigilance or disciplinary matters relating to the persons appointed to the public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or to members of the All India Services – section 19.
  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) is the Chairperson and the Vigilance Commissioners (Members) of the Committee, on whose recommendations, the Central Government appoints the Director of Enforcement – section 25.
  • The Committee concerned with the appointment of the Director of Enforcement is also empowered to recommend, after consultation with the Director of Enforcement appointment of officers to the posts of the level of Deputy Director and above in the Directorate of Enforcement – section 25;
  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) is also the Chairperson and the Vigilance Commissioners (Members) of the Committee empowered to recommend after consultation with the Director (CBI), the appointment of officers to the post about the level of SP and above except Director and also recommend the extension or curtailment of tenure of such officers in the DSPE (CBI) – Section 26 and Section 4C of DSPE Act, 1946.

Click here to view the official govt website of CVC.

2. FSSAI caps TFA limits

News Summary

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has slashed the Trans Fatty Acids (TFA) in oils and fats from the current permissible limit of 5%.

Prelims GS – Governance(Health)

FSSAI Revised TFA limits:
  • Trans fatty acids shall not be more than 5 % by weight. This is the current permissible limit.
  • Now, FSSAI has slashed TFA limits for 2021 and 2022. It has provided that the maximum limit of trans fatty acid shall not be more than 3% by weight, on and from 1st January 2021 and not more than 2% by weight, on and from 1st January 2022.
  • This was amended in the Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Tenth Amendment Regulations, 2020.
  • The revised regulation is applicable to edible refined oils, vanaspati, margarine, bakery shortenings and other mediums of cooking such as vegetable fat spreads and mixed fat spreads.

Click here to view the Amendment Regulation of FSSAI.

WHO’s REPLACE Trans Fat-Free by 2023:
  • The REPLACE action package provides a strategic approach to eliminating industrially-produced trans fat from national food supplies, with the goal of global elimination of trans fats by 2023.
  • Increased intake of trans fat (>1% of total energy intake) is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease mortality and events.
  • Trans fat intake is responsible for approximately 500,000 premature deaths from coronary heart disease each year around the world.

The six areas of WHO’s REPLACE action include:

  • Review dietary sources of industrially-produced trans fat and the landscape for required policy change.
  • Promote the replacement of industrially-produced trans fat with healthier fats and oils.
  • Legislate or enact regulatory actions to eliminate industrially-produced trans fat.
  • Assess and monitor trans-fat content in the food supply and changes in trans fat consumption in the population.
  • Create awareness of the negative health impact of trans fat among policy-makers, producers, suppliers, and the public.
  • Enforce compliance with policies and regulations.

Click here to view more on WHO website regarding TFA.

 

 

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