Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 04 March 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Forest fire in Simlipal Biosphere Reserve.
  2. Marine Spatial Planning.

1. Forest fire in Simlipal Biosphere Reserve

News Summary

A forest fire broke out in parts of the Simlipal Biosphere Reserve in Odisha. The field-level staff has been deployed to contain the forest fire.

Prelims GS – Geography/Environment

Simlipal Biosphere Reserve:
  • Simlipal Biosphere Reserve is located in Odisha.
  • The Similipal Biosphere Reserve came into existence during 1994 as per the Man And Biosphere (MAB) program of UNESCO with the objective of bringing the people and domestic cattle along with the Forest & Wildlife into one fold of management so that the economic condition of the people is enriched through eco-development programs so that the dependency on the forest is reduced.
  • It is located in the district of Mayurbhanj between 20 17’ E Latitude and 85 40’ E Longitude.
  • The total area under the Biosphere Reserve is 5569 Km2 with Similipal Sanctuary at the nucleus.
  • Similipal, which derives its name from the ‘Simul’ (Silk Cotton) tree, is a national park and a Tiger Reserve situated in the northern part of Orissa’s Mayurbhanj district.
  • This tiger reserve also comes under Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve that includes the adjacent Hadgarh and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuaries.
  • The prominent rivers flowing in Simlipal among the at least 12 rivers are Burhabalanga, Palpala Bandhan, Salandi, Kahairi, and Deo.

Click here to know more on the official website and click here to know more on the Courtesy WWF India website.

2. Marine Spatial Planning

News Summary

India and Norway have agreed to jointly work in the area of marine spatial planning in the oceanic space for the next five years.

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Infrastructure

(Note: The following topic looks different. It may be important for Mains examination or even interview.)

Significance of Marine Spatial Planning:
  • The two countries India and Norway have decided to extend support for sustainable ocean resource utilization to advance economic and social development in coastal areas.
  • The initiative known as Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) through National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR) for India.
  • In its primary phase, NCCR will develop a marine spatial planning framework for Puducherry and Lakshadweep.
  • These sites have been chosen for the pilot project in view of their setups with unique opportunities for multiple sectors (such as industries, fisheries, and tourism) to flourish.
  • In the future, the marine spatial planning framework of these two environmentally critical areas can be replicated in other coastal regions of the country.
  • Notably, the World Bank and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have expressed interest in supporting MoES in conducting MSP, a societal-beneficial initiative for India’s coastal regions.
  • The Government of India’s vision of New India by 2030 highlights the blue economy as one of the ten core dimensions of growth.
  • MSP is globally identified as a tool for sustainable and integrated ocean management.
  • It is a noted area for work in India’s (draft) Blue Economic Policy being developed by MoES.

Click here to view the Courtesy official PIB release.



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