1. Renouncing Citizenship
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has simplified the process for Indians who want to renounce their citizenship. Provisions have been made for applicants to upload documents online, with an upper limit of 60 days for the renunciation process to be completed.
- For the first time included a column on circumstances/reasons due to which the applicant intends to acquire foreign citizenship and renounce Indian citizenship.
- After being filled online, has to be downloaded, signed, and submitted at the District Magistrate’s office.
- The applicant will also be interviewed by the DM before the certificate is issued
- Other than the passport, the applicant also needs to submit proof of address and proof of payment of a fee.
- The guidelines state that when a person ceases to be a citizen of India under Section 8(1) of Citizenship Act, 1955, “every minor child of that person shall thereupon cease to be a citizen of India”.
- The minor child may, however, within one year of attaining full age apply to resume Indian citizenship.
2. Jal Jeevan Mission
Since the launch of the Jal Jeevan Mission in 2019, five crore households have got water connections and now tap water is reaching every household in about 1.25 lakh villages
About the program
- Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)aims to supply of 55 liters of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
- JJM focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
- Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, etc would be undertaken
- The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education, and Communication as a key component of the mission.
- JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
- The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
- For the implementation of JJM, the following institutional arrangement has been proposed:
- National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM) at the Central level
- State Water and Sanitation Mission (SWSM) at the State level
- District Water and Sanitation Mission (DWSM) at the District level
- Village Water Sanitation Committee (VWSC) at Village level
8. Every village will prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) which will have three components:
- Water source & its maintenance
- Water supply and
- Greywater (domestic wastewater) management.
3. Vayoshreshtha Samman-2019
- Vayoshreshtha Samman-2019 is conferred to eminent senior citizens and institutions in recognition of their services towards the cause of elderly persons.
- It is conferred on ‘International Day of Older Persons by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
- International Day of Older Persons is celebrated every year on 1st October since the year 2005.
- It is a Scheme of awards instituted by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (D/o Social Justice & Empowerment)
- It was gradually upgraded to the status of National Awards, for institutions involved in rendering distinguished service for the cause of elderly persons.
4. SBM 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0
The second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation was launched and it would be aimed at making cities free of garbage and ensuring safe water.
Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
- The Mission will focus on ensuring complete access to sanitation facilities
- It addresses to serve additional populations migrating from rural to urban areas in search of employment and better opportunities over the next 5 years.
- Complete liquid waste management in cities in less than 1 lakh population to ensure that all wastewater is safely contained, collected, transported, and treated
- Under Sustainable Solid Waste Management, greater emphasis will be on source segregation.
- Material Recovery Facilities and waste processing facilities will be set up, with a focus on phasing out single-use plastic.
- Construction & demolition waste processing facilities will be set up.
- Mechanical sweepers deployed in National Clean Air Programme cities and in cities with more than 5 lakh population.
- Remediation of all legacy dumpsites
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- Water management will build upon the progress of AMRUT to address water needs, rejuvenate water bodies, better manage aquifers, reuse treated wastewater, thereby promoting a circular economy of water.
- It would provide100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 ULBs.
- It will provide 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities.
- : It will be undertaken to augment sustainable freshwater supply through the Rejuvenation of water bodies and urban aquifer management
- Recycle and reuse of treated wastewater is expected to cater to 20% of the total water needs of the cities and 40% of industrial demand.
- Pey Jal Survekshan will be conducted in cities to ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater, and mapping of water bodies.
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Tamil Nadu Chief Wildlife Warden issued orders to hunt down tiger, T23 after the animal killed one more person at Masinagudi in the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR).
Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
- The Act was enacted for the protection of plants and animal species.
- It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Prior to this legislation, India had only five designated national parks.
- At present, there are 101 National Parks in India.
- The Central Government appoints the Director of Wildlife Preservation and assistant directors and other officers subordinate to the Director.
- The State Governments appoint a Chief Wildlife Warden (CWLW) who heads the Wildlife Wing of the department and exercises complete administrative control over Protected Areas (PAs) within a state.
- The state governments are also entitled to appoint Wildlife Wardens in each district.
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6. INS Vikrant
INS Vikrant is expected to be delivered to the Navy in April and is likely to be commissioned in August 2022.
- INS Vikrant, also known as Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1 (IAC-1)
- It is an aircraft carrier constructed by the Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) for the Indian Navy.
- It is the first aircraft carrier to be built in India.
- The name Vikrant (Sanskrit vikrānta, literally “stepping beyond” means “courageous”.
- INS Vikrant, under the Project 71 Air Defence Ship
7. Mitra Shakti
- India and Sri Lanka will carry out a 12-day mega military exercise with a focus on enhancing counter-terror cooperation.
- The eighth edition of the ‘Mitra Shakti’ exercise will be conducted in Sri Lanka’s Ampara
- “The aim of the exercise is to promote close relations between armies of both countries and enhance inter-operability and sharing best practices in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations
- The seventh edition of the Mitra Shakti exercise was conducted at Foreign Training Node (FTN) in Pune in 2019.
8. Pandora Papers
- The “Pandora Papers” is the latest in a series of mass ICIJ leaks of financial documents that started with LuxLeaks in 2014 and were followed by the Panama Papers, the Paradise Papers, and FinCen.
- The documents behind the latest investigation are drawn from financial services companies in countries including the British Virgin Islands, Panama, Belize, Cyprus, the United Arab Emirates, Singapore, and Switzerland.
9. Chacha Chaudhary
- The Center will use Chacha Chaudhary, the popular comic book character, for sensitizing children and youths about the cleaning of the Ganga and other rivers
- ‘Ganga ki Baat, Chacha Choudhary Ke Sath’ is a public engagement activity under the overall public outreach activities of the Namami Gange mission.