Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 05 March 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Ease of Living Index launched.
  2. CSIR Floriculture mission.
  3. INSTC.

1. Ease of Living Index launched

News Summary

Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Housing and Urban Affairs announced the release of the final rankings of the Ease of Living Index (EoLI) 2020.

Prelims GS – Governance

Ease of Living Index:
  • Ease of Living Index is launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • Bengaluru emerged as the top performer in the Million+ category, followed by Pune, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Surat, Navi Mumbai, Coimbatore, Vadodara, Indore, and Greater Mumbai.
  • In the Less than Million category, Shimla was ranked the highest in ease of living, followed by Bhubaneshwar, Silvassa, Kakinada, Salem, Vellore, Gandhinagar, Gurugram, Davangere, and Tiruchirappalli.
  • The report aims to measure the well-being of Indian citizens in 111 cities, across the pillars of Quality of Life, Economic-ability, and Sustainability, with 49 indicators under 13 categories.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

(Note: The following points which have been taken from the PIB release provide an analytical perspective on Governance. )

Significance of Ease of Living Index:
  • The Ease of Living Index (EoLI) is an assessment tool that evaluates the quality of life and the impact of various initiatives for urban development.
  • The EoLI primarily seeks to accelerate India’s urban development outcomes, including the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • It provides a comprehensive understanding of participating cities across India based on the quality of life, the economic ability of a city, and its sustainability and resilience.
  • The assessment also incorporates the residents’ view on the services provided by city administration through a Citizen Perception Survey.
  • The findings from the index can help guide evidence-based policymaking.
  • It also promotes healthy competition among cities, encouraging them to learn from their peers and advance their development trajectory.

Click here to view the Courtesy Official PIB Press Release.

2, CSIR Floriculture Mission

News Summary

Hon’ble Union Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan exhorted scientists of CSIR laboratories across the country to develop the land available at each laboratory to be set up as a model under the “CSIR Floriculture Mission”.

Prelims GS – Governance/Environment

CSIR Floriculture mission:
  • Floriculture refers to the cultivation of flowers.
  • CSIR Floriculture Mission has been approved for implementation in 21 States and Union Territories of India.
  • Available knowledgebase in CSIR Institutes will be utilized and leveraged to help Indian farmers and industry re-position themselves to meet the import requirements.
  • This Mission is being implemented in collaboration with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-Directorate of Floriculture; Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC); Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), Ministry of Commerce; Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED); Fragrance and Flavour Development Centre (FFDC), Kannauj, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) and Universities.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2- Governance

Significance of CSIR Floriculture mission:
  • The CSIR Floriculture Mission is expected to create opportunities for entrepreneurship development in floriculture.
  • Infusion of the latest technologies in the field of floriculture can be successfully led by CSIR.
  • The mission will focus on commercial floral crops, seasonal/annual crops, wild ornaments, and the cultivation of flower crops for honey bee rearing.
  • Some of the popular crops include  Gladiolus, Canna, Carnation, Chrysanthemum, Gerbera, Lilium, Marigold, Rose, Tuberose, etc.
  • The Indian floriculture market was worth Rs 15700 cr in 2018.
  • The market is projected to reach Rs47,200 cr by 2024 during 2019-24.
  • Floriculture has the potential to provide employment to a large number of people through nursery raising, floriculture farming, entrepreneurship development for nursery trade, value addition, and export.

Click here to view the Courtesy: Official PIB Press Release.


News Summary

Maritime India summit celebrated Chabahar Day and India wanted to include Chabahar port in INSTC corridor.

Prelims GS – International Relations

  • International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) is a 7200km long multi-modal transportation established in 2000 for the purpose of promoting transportation cooperation among the Member States.
  • This corridor connects the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea via Iran, Islamic Rep., and is then connected to Saint Petersburg and North European via Russia.
  • Members of INSTC are
    • Armenia ;
    • Azerbaijan ;
    • Belarus ;
    • Bulgaria ;
    •  India ;
    •  Iran;
    •  Kazakhstan ;
    •  Kyrgyz Republic ;
    •  Oman ;
    •  Russian Federation ;
    •  Syrian Arab Republic ;
    •  Tajikistan ;
    •  Turkey ;
    •  Ukraine

Click here to view the Courtesy website to know more about INSTC.



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