In Today’s News:
- Vulture Conservation Plan and the issue of Diclofenac.
1. Vulture Conservation Plan and the issue of Diclofenac
The National Board for Wildlife(NBWL) has cleared the Vulture Conservation plan. The drugs used in treating cattle that are poisonous to the vultures will be banned by the Drug Controller General of India.
Prelims GS – Environment
Vulture Conservation Plan:
- The “Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020 – 2025” has proposed to establish Vulture Conservation Breeding Centres in five states of Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.
- Regular surveys have been planned to track the population of vultures.
- Four rescue centers have been proposed at Pinjore, Bhopal, Guwahati, and Hyderabad.
- At least one “Vulture Safe Zone” will be established in each and every state for the conservation of the remaining vulture population.
- A conservation breeding program for Red-headed Vulture and Egyptian vulture is also proposed.
(Note: Very important for the exam)
- Diclofenac is a drug that is used to treat cattle and is a painkiller.
- Diclofenac is very harmful to vultures.
- This drug enters vulture when vulture feeds on the carcasses of the cattle.
- It causes kidney failure in Vultures and is seen as a major cause of the decline of the vulture population.
- This drug was banned in 2006, but still, it is available illegally.
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