Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 06 June 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 06 June 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. World Environment Day celebrated on June 5th.
  2. Government e-Marketplace.
  3. Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana.
  4. Van Dhan Yojana.

1. World Environment Day celebrated on June 5th

News Summary

Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi addressed the World Environment Day event, jointly organized by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on 5th June 2021 through a video conference.

Prelims GS – Environment

World Environment Day:
  • World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5th every year.
  • The theme of 2021: Ecosystem Restoration. (Reimagine, Recreate, Restore)
  • Ecosystem restoration means preventing, halting, and reversing this damage – to go from exploiting nature to healing it.
  • This World Environment Day will kick off the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030), a global mission to revive billions of hectares, from forests to farmlands, from the top of mountains to the depth of the sea.

Click here to view the UN official website.

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Environment

India’s efforts in saving the environment and addressing climate change:
  • India is a strong proponent of climate justice and is moving ahead with a lofty global vision like the founding of the International Solar Alliance for realizing the vision of One Sun, One World, One Grid, and the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure initiative.
  • India has been included in the top 10 countries of the world in the Climate Change Performance Index.
  • The Government has resolved to meet the target of 20 percent ethanol blending in petrol by 2025.
  • Focus on ethanol is having a better impact on the environment as well as on the lives of farmers.
  • India is working with a holistic approach through the National Clean Air Plan to curb air pollution.
  • By providing free gas connections under the Ujjwala scheme, by providing electricity connections under the Saubhagya scheme, to crores of poor, their dependence on wood has greatly reduced.
  • Apart from reducing pollution, it has also helped a lot in improving the health and strengthening environmental protection.
  • Work on waterways and multimodal connectivity will not only strengthen the mission of green transport, but also improve the logistics efficiency of the country.
  • The service of metro rail in the country has increased from 5 cities to 18 cities which has helped in reducing the use of personal vehicles.
  • A large part of the country’s railway network has been electrified.
  • Airports of the country are also made to use electricity from solar energy at a rapid pace

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release of Hon’ble PM’s address on the World Environment Day event.

2. Government e-Marketplace

News Summary

On the occasion of World Environment Day, a new product category of Green Room Air Conditioners was launched on the Government e-Marketplace (GeM). The launch event was organized in association with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

GeM:
  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM), facilitates online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Government Departments / Organisations / PSUs.
  • GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency, and speed in public procurement.
  • It provides the tools of e-bidding, reverse e-auction, and demand aggregation to facilitate the government users, achieve the best value for their money

Click here to view the official website of GeM.

3. Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

News Summary

The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, and Dairying have recognized the importance of the aquatic ecosystems on the occasion of World Environment Day.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

PMMSY:
  • The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India is implementing Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana.
  • PMMSY is a scheme to bring about the Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector in India at an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for holistic development of fisheries sector including the welfare of fishers.
  • PMMSY is being implemented in all the States and Union Territories for a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.
  • PMMSY is designed to address critical gaps in the fisheries value chain from fish production, productivity, and quality to technology, post-harvest infrastructure, and marketing.
  • It aims to modernize and strengthen the value chain, enhance traceability and establish a robust fisheries management framework while simultaneously ensuring the socio-economic welfare of fishers and fish farmers.
Targets of PMMSY:
  • Increasing fish production to 22 million metric tons by 2024-25 from 13.75 million metric tons in 2018-19.
  • Enhancing aquaculture productivity to 5 tons per hectare from the current national average of 3 tons.
  • Augmenting domestic fish consumption from 5 kg to 12 kg per capita.
  • Generating 55 lakh direct and indirect employment opportunities along the value chain.
  • Doubling the incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
  • The increasing contribution of the fisheries sector to the Agriculture GVA to about 9% by 2024-25 from 7.28% in 2018-19.
  • Doubling export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crores by 2024-25 from Rs.46,589 crores in 2018-19.
  • Facilitating private investment and growth of entrepreneurship in the fisheries sector.
  • Reduction of post-harvest losses from the reported 20-25% to about 10%.

Click here to know more about PMMSY on the official website.

4. Van Dhan Yojana

News Summary

On the occasion of World Environment Day on June 5, 2021, tribal members of Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in several parts of the country launched a drive to plant more trees.

Prelims GS – Environment/Governance

Van Dhan Yojana:
  • The Van Dhan Yojana or Van Dhan Scheme, a component of the ‘Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) & Development of Value Chain for MFP’  was launched on 14th April 2018.
  • The Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.
  • Van Dhan Yojana has emerged as a major source of employment for local tribals in the recent past.
  • Implemented by TRIFED as the nodal agency at the national level, the Van Dhan startups is a well-thought master plan for the socio-economic development of the tribal population of the country.
  • It is a perfect example of tribal entrepreneurship and demonstrates how cluster development and value addition can help members earn a significantly higher income.

Click here to view the official website of Van Dhan Yojana.

Van Dhan Vikas Kendras – short note:
  • A typical Van Dhan Vikas Kendra includes 20 tribal members.
  • 15 such Van DhanVikasKendras form 1 Van DhanVikas Kendra cluster.
  • The Van Dhan Vikas Kendra Clusters provide the Van DhanVikasKendras economies of scale, livelihood, and market linkages, as well as entrepreneurship opportunities to nearly 6.67 lakh Tribal forest gatherers in 23 states and 2 UTs.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

 

 

 

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