Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 07 April 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Central Vigilance Commission and transfers.
  2. Supernova explosion traced to WR stars.

1. Central Vigilance Commission and transfers

News Summary

The Central Vigilance Commission has modified the guidelines such that Vigilance officers will be transferred every 3 years from one place.

Prelims GS – Governance

CVC:
  • The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by the Government in February 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
  • CVC is conceived to be the apex vigilance institution, free of control from any executive authority, monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government and advising various authorities in Central Government organizations in planning, executing, reviewing, and reforming their vigilant work.
  • Consequent upon promulgation of an Ordinance by the President, the Central Vigilance Commission has been made a multi-member Commission with “statutory status” with effect from 25th August 1998.
  • The CVC Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave its assent on September 11, 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 (No45 0f 2003) came into effect from that date.
  • The Commission shall consist of:
    • A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson;
    • Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

Role and Functions of CVC under CVC Act 2003:
  • Exercise superintendence over the functioning of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) insofar as it relates to the investigation of offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; or an offense under the Cr.PC for certain categories of public servants – section 8(1)(a);
  • Give directions to the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) for superintendence insofar as it relates to the investigation of offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – section 8(1)(b);
  • To inquire or cause an inquiry or investigation to be made on a reference by the Central Government – section 8(1)(c);
  • To inquire or cause an inquiry or investigation to be made into any complaint received against any official belonging to such category of officials specified in sub-section 2 of Section 8 of the CVC Act, 2003 – section 8(1)(d);
  • Review the progress of investigations conducted by the DSPE into offenses alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 or an offense under the Cr.PC – section (8)(1)(e);
  • Review the progress of the applications pending with the competent authorities for sanction of prosecution under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – section 8(1)(f);
  • Tender advice to the Central Government and its organizations on such matters as may be referred to it by the – section 8(1) (g);
  • Exercise superintendence over the vigilance administrations of the various Central Government Ministries, Departments and Organizations of the Central Government – section 8(1)(h);
  • Shall have all the powers of a Civil court while conducting any inquiry – section 11;
  • Respond to Central Government on mandatory consultation with the Commission before making any rules or regulations governing the vigilance or disciplinary matters relating to the persons appointed to the public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or to members of the All India Services – section 19.
  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) is the Chairperson and the Vigilance Commissioners (Members) of the Committee, on whose recommendations, the Central Government appoints the Director of Enforcement – section 25.
  • The Committee concerned with the appointment of the Director of Enforcement is also empowered to recommend, after consultation with the Director of Enforcement appointment of officers to the posts of the level of Deputy Director and above in the Directorate of Enforcement – section 25;
  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) is also the Chairperson and the Vigilance Commissioners (Members) of the Committee empowered to recommend after consultation with the Director (CBI), the appointment of officers to the post about the level of SP and above except Director and also recommend the extension or curtailment of tenure of such officers in the DSPE (CBI) – Section 26 and Section 4C of DSPE Act, 1946.

Click here to know more about CVC on the official website.

2. Supernova explosion traced to WR stars

News Summary

Indian astronomers have tracked a rare supernova explosion and traced it to one of the hottest kinds of stars called Wolf–Rayet stars or WR stars.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

Supernova:
  • A supernova is the explosion of a star.
  • It is the largest explosion that takes place in space.
  • A supernova happens where there is a change in the core, or center, of a star.
  • The first type of supernova happens in binary star systems. Binary stars are two stars that orbit the same point.
  • The second type of supernova occurs at the end of a single star’s lifetime. As the star runs out of nuclear fuel, some of its mass flows into its core. Eventually, the core is so heavy that it cannot withstand its own gravitational force. The core collapses, which results in the giant explosion of a supernova.
  • The sun is a single star, but it does not have enough mass to become a supernova.

Click here to know more about Supernova on the official website of NASA.

WR Stars:
  • The rare Wolf–Rayet stars are highly luminous objects a thousand times that of the Sun and have intrigued astronomers for a long.
  • They are massive stars and strip their outer hydrogen envelope which is associated with the fusion of Helium and other elements in the massive core.
  • Tracking of certain types of massive luminous supernovae explosion can help probe these stars that remain an enigma for scientists.
  • The scientists also found that the original star was a combination of two stars – one of them is a massive WR star and another is a star much less in mass than the Sun.
  • Supernovae (SNe) are highly energetic explosions in the Universe releasing an enormous amount of energy.

Click here to view the Courtesy: Official PIB Release.

 

 

 

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