In Today’s News:
- National Infrastructure Pipeline reviewed by Finance Minister.
- Basaveshwara and Lingayats.
1. National Infrastructure Pipeline reviewed by Finance Minister
Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in a meeting with the Secretaries of the Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare reviewed the progress of National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) implementation on 6th January 2021.
Prelims GS – Economic Development
- The National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) for FY 2019-25 is a first-of-its-kind, whole-of-government exercise to provide world-class infrastructure to citizens and improving their quality of life and enhance the ease of living.
- It aims to improve project preparation and attract investments into infrastructure.
- To draw up the NIP, a High-Level Task Force was constituted under the chairmanship of the Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance.
- The Final Report on National Infrastructure Pipeline for FY 20-25 of the Task Force was released by the Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman on 29th April 2020.
- The NIP has been made on a best effort basis by aggregating the information provided by various stakeholders including line ministries, departments, state governments, and private sector across infrastructure sub-sectors, as identified in the Harmonised Master List of Infrastructure.
- All projects (Greenfield or Brownfield, under conceptualization or under implementation or under Development) of project cost greater than Rs. 100 crore per project were sought to be captured.
- The NIP was launched with 6,835 projects, which is now expanded to more than 7,300 projects.
2. Basaveshwara and Lingayats
The ‘New Anubhava Mantapa’ foundation stone was laid at Basavakalyan in Karnataka where 12th-century poet-philosopher Basaveshwara (a) Basavanna, an icon of Veerashaiva-Lingayat community lived most of his life.
Prelims GS – History/Art and Culture
Lingayats and Basavanna:
- The twelfth-century witnessed the emergence of a new movement in Karnataka, led by a Brahmana named Basavanna (1106-68) who was initially a Jaina and a minister in the court of a Chalukya king.
- His followers were known as Virashaivas (heroes of Shiva) or Lingayats (wearers of the linga).
- Lingayats continue to be an important community in the region to date.
- They worship Shiva in his manifestation as a linga, and men usually wear a small linga in a silver case on a loop strung over the left shoulder.
- Those who are revered include the jangama or wandering monks.
- Lingayats believe that on death the devotee will be united with Shiva and will not return to this world. Therefore they do not practice funerary rites such as cremation, prescribed in the Dharmashastras. Instead, they ceremonially bury their dead.
- The Lingayats challenged the idea of caste and the “pollution” attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas.
- They also questioned the theory of rebirth.
- These won them, followers, amongst those who were marginalized within the Brahmanical social order.
- The Lingayats also encouraged certain practices disapproved in the Dharmashastras, such as post-puberty marriage and the remarriage of widows.
- Our understanding of the Virashaiva tradition is derived from vachanas (literally, sayings) composed in Kannada by women and men who joined the movement.
Courtesy: The contents of this article were taken from the NCERT book.
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