In Today’s News:
- 1.4 lakh families reach MGNREGA’s annual work limit.
- India in the top five list in opium seizures: UNODC.
- Lessons on de-escalation from Doklam standoff.
1. 1.4 lakh families reach MGNREGA’s annual work limit
At least 1.4 lakh households in India have already completed their quota of 100-day work under MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act). They will not be eligible for further work under the scheme. People are desperate for work due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many have demanded to increase the MGNREGA work limit to 200 days per household. During times of disaster, MGNREGA has a provision of extending the limit to 150 days. Activists have also demanded to at least invoke this provision.
Prelims GS – Economic Development
Refer prelims content of MGNREGA on 1st June 2020.
Mains GS3 – Economic Development
Benefits of MGNREGA:
Refer Mains content of MGNREGA on 1st June 2020.
2.India in the top five list in Opium seizures: UNODC
Opium is a drug that is illicitly produced in almost 50 countries. As per the World Drug Report of UNODC, after Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, India has reported the fourth highest seizure of opium in the world.
Prelims GS – International Relations
Refer Prelims content of UNODC on 27th June 2020.
(Note: Report released by UNODC is important for UPSC Prelims)
3. Lessons on de-escalation from Doklam standoff
India and China have reached a point of disengagement of troops in Galwan Valley in Line of Actual Control after long discussions at various levels. Experts suggest that without reaching an agreement on the restoration of “status quo”, disengagement is not enough in order to declare an end to the tensions at the LAC. Similar issues happened in Doklam, where after disengagement of troops in Doklam, PLA of China again started building infrastructure in the Doklam plateau and consolidated its position.
Mains GS2 – International Relations
- Doklam is an area comprising a plateau and a valley at the trijunction between India, Bhutan, and China.
- The Doklam crisis started when the Chinese started building roads in Doklam in 2017. Indian troops with the help of Bhutan objected to this move of China building roads in Doklam. As a result, a standoff between India and China happened.
- Doklam is located close to the Siliguri corridor that connects the Indian mainland and NorthEast India. This is the strategic importance of Doklam.
- Siliguri corridor is also known as Chicken’s Neck which is a vulnerable point for India’s security.
- When China constructs infrastructure in Doklam, it will have a commanding view of Tibet’s Chumbi valley, Bhutan’s Ha Valley, and Siliguri Corridor of India.
- This will seriously affect India’s security.
- As a result, the Chinese will have ease of access to the Siliguri corridor. As the Siliguri corridor is the only connecting point between the Indian Mainland and Northeast India, this may even result in serious security and connectivity concerns.
- Finally, disengagement of troops was agreed in Doklam between India and China.
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