In Today’s News:
- Education Ministry’s Performance Grading Index released.
- Line of Control.
1. Education Ministry’s Performance Grading Index released
Union Education Minister, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ approved the release of the Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and Union Territories of India on 6th June 2021.
Prelims GS – Governance
- Performance Grading Index is released by the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education, Government of India.
- The index monitors the progress on the Learning outcomes and Quality, Access, Infrastructure, and Facilities, Equity, Governance, and Management processes domains.
- The Government has introduced the Performance Grading Index with a set of 70 parameters to catalyze transformational change in the field of school education.
Click here to view the official PGI Report.
Mains GS2 – Governance
Significance of PGI:
- The PGI for States and Union Territories was first published in 2019 with the reference year 2017-18.
- The PGI: States/UTs for 2019-20 is the third publication in this series.
- The PGI exercise envisages that the index would propel States and UTs towards undertaking multi-pronged interventions that will bring about the much-desired optimal education outcomes.
- The PGI helps the States/UTs to pinpoint the gaps and accordingly prioritize areas for intervention to ensure that the school education system is robust at every level.
- Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and Kerala occupy the highest grade (Grade A++) for 2019-20.
Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.
2. Line of Control
No infiltration attempts have been found on the Line of Control for over 100 days.
Prelims GS – Geography/Polity & Governance
Line of Control(LOC):
- Line of Control (LoC) is 740 km long and runs from parts of Jammu to parts of Leh.
- Line of Control is a ceasefire line that came into existence after the 1948 and 1971 wars between India and Pakistan.
- It was delineated in the Simla Agreement (July 1972) whereby both sides agreed not to alter it unilaterally.
Shimla Agreement 1972:
- The Simla Agreement signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan on 2nd July 1972 was much more than a peace treaty seeking to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. to bring about withdrawals of troops and an exchange of PoWs).
- It was a comprehensive blueprint for good neighborly relations between India and Pakistan.
- Under the Simla Agreement, both countries undertook to abjure conflict and confrontation which had marred relations in the past, and to work towards the establishment of durable peace, friendship and cooperation.
Click here to know more about Simla Agreement 1972.
Covishield vaccine produces more antibodies than Covaxin as per a recent study.
Prelims GS – Science & Technology
- An antibody is a protein component of the immune system that circulates in the blood, recognizes foreign substances like bacteria and viruses, and neutralizes them.
- After exposure to a foreign substance, called an antigen, antibodies continue to circulate in the blood, providing protection against future exposures to that antigen.
- An antibody is a part of the host cell’s defense.
- It’s made by a certain type of white blood cell that’s called a B cell.
Click here to know more about Antibody on the National Human Genome Research Institute website.
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