Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – Civil Services Exam – 08 June 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Restore April status along LAC, says India.
  2. Littoral, Cooperative security is the key to the Persian Gulf.

1. Restore April status along LAC, says India

News Summary

Amidst the recent tensions in Line of Actual Control in Ladakh, the Ministry of External Affairs said that the talks with China were in a cordial and positive atmosphere and both sides will continue their military and diplomatic engagements to resolve the situations along LAC.

Prelims GS – International Relations

  • Line of Actual Control
  • LAC is a clear demarcation between Indian and Chinese controlled areas
  • It is divided into three sectors
    • Eastern sector: Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim
    • Middle Sector: Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
    • Western Sector: Ladakh

2. Littoral, Cooperative security is the key to the Persian Gulf

News Summary

The Persian Gulf is very important to serve India’s interests. The stability in the Persian Gulf will enhance India’s interests.

Prelims GS – International Relations

Persian Gulf:

8 Countries surrounding the Persian Gulf are:

  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Bahrain
  • Kuwait
  • Oman
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia
  • UAE

Important strait: Strait of Hormuz –> Between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman


Map - Persian Gulf and surrounding countries


Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

Significance of the Persian Gulf:
  • All these countries have a common feature. i.e. these 8 countries are the major crude oil and natural gas producers.
  • This is the reason why the Persian Gulf is significant geopolitically because all these countries transport crude and natural gas through the Persian Gulf.
  • India’s ties with the Persian Gulf:
    • India maintains a very good bilateral trade with these countries
    • National Oil companies in Saudi Arabia and Abu Dhabi are the partners in the Ratnagiri Oil Refinery of India.
    • Besides this, Saudi Aramco holds a stake in Reliance oil to chemical business
    • These are all the points making us realize the importance of these littoral states (surrounding areas around a water body) of the Persian Gulf.
    • Mainly India imports crude oil from these countries
    • So, the Persian Gulf has a very high significance in Indian perspective
    • India does not get involved in regional disputes happening in these countries
    • Peace, regional stability, freedom of navigation, and access to international markets in terms of trade, technology, and manpower are the necessitation to serve India’s interests.
    • Cooperative security in these littoral states will enhance the stability in the Persian Gulf which is the key to ensure India’s interests being served.


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