Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 09 February 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 09 February 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. PM Krishi Sinchayee Yojana.
  2. SVAMITVA scheme.
  3. Compressed Biogas Plants and SATAT.

1. PM Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

News Summary

Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) was amalgamated as the Watershed Development Component (WDC) of the Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchayeeYojana (PMKSY) in 2015-16. As per information received from the States, since 2014-15, 7.09 lakh water harvesting structures were created/rejuvenated and an additional area of 15.17 lakh ha was brought under protective irrigation up to Q-3 of 2020-21.

Courtesy: PIB Press Release.

Prelims GS – Governance

PMKSY:
  • PM Krishi Sinchayee Yojana was approved in 2015 with the aim of focussing high priority on water conservation and its management.
  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been formulated with the vision of extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko Pani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop’ in a focused manner with end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application, and extension activities.
  • The major objectives of PM Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) are to
    • achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
    • expand cultivable area under assured irrigation,
    • improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
    • enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop),
    • enhance recharge of aquifers and
    • introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal wastewater for peri-urban agriculture and
    • attract greater private investment in the precision irrigation system.
  • PMKSY has been conceived amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.
    • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR),
    • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of the Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and
    • the On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
  • The scheme will be implemented by Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources, and Rural Development.

Click here to know more about PMKSY.

2. SVAMITVA scheme

News Summary

A provision of Rs.200 crores has been made for a new scheme-SVAMITVA to provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners possessing houses in inhabited rural areas in villages and issuance of property cards to the property owners through a survey of village areas with help of drone technology by Survey of India.

Prelims GS – Governance

SVAMITVA:(Survey of Villages Abadi and Mapping with Improvised Technology In Village Areas)
  • SVAMITVA Scheme is a Central Sector scheme launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on National Panchayat Day i.e 24th April 2020.
  • The Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) is the Nodal Ministry for implementation of the scheme.
  • In the States, the Revenue Department / Land Records Department will be the Nodal Department and shall carry out the scheme with the support of the State Panchayati Raj Department.
  • Survey of India shall work as the technology partner for implementation.
  • The scheme aims to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India.
  • The demarcation of rural Abadi areas would be done using Drone Surveying technology.
  • This would provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners possessing houses in inhabited rural areas in villages which, in turn, would enable them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits from Bank.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

SVAMITVA scheme and its objectives:

The scheme will facilitate:

  1. To bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  2. Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
  3. Determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.
  4. Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  5. To support the preparation of a better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.
  6. To reduce property related disputes and legal cases.

Click here to view the official website of the SVAMITVA scheme.

Benefits/Opportunities created through SVAMITVA scheme:

(Note: The points given below have been stated in the PIB release. These points give us a different perspective towards the SVAMITVA Scheme which could be useful for Mains examination in topics of Rural development/Governance.)

  • The scheme covers multiple aspects namely facilitating monetization of properties and enabling bank loans; reducing property-related disputes; comprehensive village level planning would be the stepping-stone towards achieving Gram Swaraj in the true sense and making rural India Atmanirbhar.
  • The drone requirements for the SVAMITVA scheme has boosted the Drone Manufacturing sector in India.
  • The Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) have now developed Survey Grade Drones and supply for 175 units had been given to “Make in India” product companies.
  • The Scheme has uplifted the generation of employment for skilled manpower.
  • Due to the huge requirement for GIS manpower, more than 600 GIS Digitizers have been engaged at various Survey of India (SoI) offices and these numbers are increasing regularly based on their requirements.
  • As a result, numerous START-UPs and MSME service companies have started augmenting their GIS manpower bench strength to cater to these requirements.
  • The Scheme has the potential to transform rural India.
  • Successful implementation of the Scheme has a very large impact on the upliftment of the rural economy.

3. Compressed Biogas Plants and SATAT

News Summary

Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas  Shri Dharmendra Pradhan in a written reply in the Lok Sabha mentioned SATAT and Compressed Bio-Gas Plants.

Prelims GS – Environment

SATAT:
  • The government of India has launched the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) initiative on 1.10.2018 to promote Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) as an alternative, green transport fuel for efficient management of biomass and organic waste including municipal waste as well as from forest and agricultural waste including animal-husbandry and marine waste.
  • This initiative envisages the establishment of a large number of CBG plants by private entrepreneurs.
  • As part of the SATAT scheme, Oil and Gas Marketing Companies are inviting Expression of Interest (EoI) for procurement of CBG on a long-term basis.
  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has included CBG plants in Priority Sector Lending.

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Environment

Benefits of SATAT to promote Compressed Bio-Gas:

There are multiple benefits from converting agricultural residue, cattle dung, and municipal solid waste into CBG on a commercial scale:

  • Responsible waste management, reduction in carbon emissions and pollution
  • The additional revenue source for farmers
  • Boost to entrepreneurship, rural economy, and employment
  • Support to national commitments in achieving climate change goals
  • Reduction in import of natural gas and crude oil
  • Buffer against crude oil/gas price fluctuations

Click here to view the courtesy Vikaspedia govt website to know more about SATAT.

 

 

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