Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – Civil Services Exam – 09 June 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – Civil Services Exam – 09 June 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. NHRC issues notice to U.P. on denial of treatment to 2 pregnant women.
  2. Role of micro-RNA in growth and spread of tongue cancer cells.

1. NHRC issues notice to U.P. on denial of treatment to 2 pregnant women

News Summary

NHRC has taken suo-motu (on its own) cognizance of denial of treatment to 2 pregnant women in Uttar Pradesh based on the news reports. NHRC has sent a notice to the Uttar Pradesh Government stating that denial of medical care to patients is a matter of concern and a violation of human rights.

Prelims GS – Polity

NHRC:
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • Statutory body
  • Established under Protection of Human Rights Act 1993
  • Subsequent amendments in 2006 and 2019
  • NHRC has been established in accordance with the Paris Principles of 1991
  • Paris Principles provide some benchmarks on how National Human Rights Institutions should function in protecting human rights and promoting human rights
  • So NHRC is responsible for the protection and promotion of Human rights

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Polity

NHRC and its functions:
Appointment to NHRC:
  • Chairman: Retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court or retired Judge of the Supreme Court
  • Chairperson and members are appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and  seal
  • He will appoint after obtaining the recommendations of the Committee consisting of:
    • Prime Minister –Chairperson
    • Speaker of the House of the People- Member
    • Minister in Charge of the Ministry of Home Affairs – Member
    • Leader of Opposition in the House of the People – Member
    • Leader of Opposition in the Council of States- Member
    • Deputy Chairman of the Council of States- Member
  • Term of office: 3 years or till the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.
Functions:
  • NHRC can take suo-motu(on its own) cognizance of the violation of human rights.
  • It can inquire into complaints regarding the violation of human rights and can review the safeguards provided in the constitution for the protection of human rights.
  • It has the responsibility of promoting human rights literacy.
  • NHRC can study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and can make recommendations for their effective implementation and can undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.
  • Apart from these functions, many other functions are also available for NHRC.

Click here to know more about NHRC on the official website

2. Role of micro-RNA in growth and spread of tongue cancer cells

News Summary

Researchers at IIT Madras have found that one type of micro-RNA named miR-155 is responsible for the growth and spread of tongue cancer cells. Making miR-155 inoperative is the key to reduce the growth and spread of tongue cancer cells.

Prelims GS – Science and Technology

microRNA:
  • microRNAs are short non-coding RNA’s
  • They are found in plants, viruses, and animals
  • They consist of 22 nucleotides
  • microRNAs are mostly responsible for RNA silencing.
  • Also, they are responsible for post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression (control of gene expression at the RNA level before transcription)
  • Meaning of Transcription – copying a gene’s DNA to RNA molecule.

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