In Today’s News:
- ‘Health in India’ report of the National Statistical Organization.
1. Health in India’ report of the National Statistical Organization.
As per the ‘Health in India’ report released by the National Statistical Organisation, 2 out of 5 children in India do not complete their immunization program although they are vaccinated against tuberculosis and receive their birth dose of polio vaccine. The report is based on the 75th round of the National Sample Survey (July 2017-June 2018) on household social consumption related to health. Most children remain unprotected against Measles.
Prelims GS – Governance(Health)
- The immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as the ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization’ (EPI) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
- In 1985, the program was modified as the ‘Universal Immunization Programme’ (UIP) to be implemented in a phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989-90 with one of the largest health programs in the world.
- Through UIP, the Government of India is providing vaccination free of cost against vaccine-preventable diseases include diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles, a severe form of childhood tuberculosis, hepatitis B, meningitis, and pneumonia (Hemophilus influenza type B infections), Japanese encephalitis (JE) in JE endemic districts with the introduction of newer vaccines such as rotavirus vaccine, IPV, adult JE vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and measles-rubella (MR) vaccine in UIP/national immunization program.
Mains GS2 – Governance(Health)
(Note: The below contents are Missions related to Immunization programs in India)
- The ultimate goal of Mission Indradhanush is to ensure full immunization with all available vaccines for children up to two years of age and pregnant women.
- The Government has identified 201 high focus districts across 28 states in the country that have the highest number of partially immunized and unimmunized children.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI):
- To further intensify the immunization program, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) on October 8, 2017.
- Through this program, the Government of India aims to reach each and every child up to two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunization program/UIP.
- The focus of the special drive was to improve immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0
- To boost the routine immunization coverage in the country, the Government of India has introduced Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 to ensure reaching the unreached with all available vaccines and accelerate the coverage of children and pregnant women in the identified districts and blocks from December 2019-March 2020.
- The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts in 27 states and at the block level (652 blocks) in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar among hard-to-reach and tribal populations.
- With the launch of Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0, India has the opportunity to achieve further reductions in deaths among children under five years of age, and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of ending preventable child deaths by 2030.
- Several ministries, including the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Panchayati Raj, Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Youth Affairs, and others have come together to make the mission a resounding success and support the central government in ensuring the benefits of vaccines reach the last mile.
The salient features of IMI 2.0 are:
- Conduction of four rounds of immunization activity over 7 working days excluding the RI days, Sundays, and holidays.
- Enhanced immunization sessions with flexible timing, mobile session, and mobilization by other departments.
- Enhanced focus on left-outs, dropouts, and resistant families and hard to reach areas.
- Focus on urban, underserved populations and tribal areas.
- Inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination.
- Enhance political, administrative, and financial commitment, through advocacy.
- IMI 2.0 drive is being conducted in the selected districts and urban cities between Dec 2019 – March 2020
- A portal named Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 has been designed to manage the data reporting by different ministries/ departments, and to capture pre-campaign activities, activities during immunization rounds, and post-campaign indicators on immunization coverage.
Click here to visit the official website for further details.
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