Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 09 September 2021

  1. The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
  2. They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India.
  3. It aims to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Indian Naval Academy (INA)

Production-linked incentive Scheme

  1. The Central government launched a production-linked incentive (PLI) for the textile sector with a budgetary outlay of 10,683 crores.
  2. The scheme is for man-made fiber (MMF) apparel, MMF fabrics, and 10 segments/products of technical textiles.
  3. This incentive structure for the textile sector is designed to encourage investment in fresh capacities in MMF apparel, MMF fabrics, and 10 segments or products of technical textiles.
  4. Priority will be given for investment in aspirational districts, tier-three, tier-four towns, and rural areas.
  5. The scheme will benefit States such as Gujarat, U.P., Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Odisha.
  6. The scheme envisages two types of investment with a different set of incentive structures.
    • In type one, any person, (which includes firm/company) willing to invest a minimum of 300 crores in the plant, machinery, and civil works (excluding land and administrative building cost) to produce the notified products will be able to participate in the scheme.
    • In the second type, anyone willing to invest a minimum of 100 crores will be eligible to participate.
  1. The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights has devised an online tracking portal “Bal Swaraj (COVID-Care)” for children in need of care and protection.
  2. This portal is aimed at tracking the children affected by COVID-19 right from the production of children before the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) to the restoration of the children to their parent, guardian, or relative and its subsequent follow-up.
  3. Bal Swaraj-COVID-Care will help with the Empowerment of COVID Affected Children, proving them with necessary financial and educational support.
  4. The data is filled in the portal by the District officers and State officers for each child, the Commission will be able to get information about whether the child is being able to get his/her entitlements, benefits and monetary gains for which the child is entitled to.
  5. The Commission can also identify if the State is needing financial assistance in getting more funds for giving benefit under implemented schemes to the children.

Center enters Agreement with Niki Group

  1. The Central government entered into a one-year ceasefire agreement with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (K) Niki Group.
  2. More than 200 cadres of the outfit, with 83 weapons, have joined the peace process.
  3. The agreed ceasefire ground rules were signed.
  4. This move would boost the Naga peace process and aims for an insurgency-free and prosperous northeast.
  5. Framework agreement with the NSCN-IM and ceasefire agreements with other Naga groups, the NSCN (NK), NSCN(R) and NSCN(K)-Khango have been already signed.

Previous Accords

  1. In August 2019, the Government and  National Liberation Front of Tripura-Sabir Debbarma (NLFT-SD) signed an accord, under which 88 cadres along with 44 weapons joined the mainstream in Tripura.
  2. Bodo Agreement signed in January 2020 all factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland, had surrendered in Assam and joined the mainstream.
  3. In February various underground Karbi groups of Assam surrendered, which was followed by the signing of the Karbi Anglong Agreement on September 4.
  4. In December 2020, the government had accepted the offer of Niki Sumi to revive the ceasefire agreement after he floated a new faction of NSCN-Khaplang.

Green Hydrogen Energy

  1. ‘Green hydrogen’, the emerging novel concept, is a zero-carbon fuel made by electrolysis using renewable power from wind and solar to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.
  2. Green hydrogen can be utilized for the generation of power from natural sources — wind or solar systems — and will be a major step forward in achieving the target of ‘net zero’ emission.
  3. Presently, less than 0.1% or say ~75 million tons/year of hydrogen capable of generating ~284GW of power, is produced.
  4. Hydrogen is the most abundant element on the planet, but rarely in its pure form which is how we need it.
  5. It has an energy density almost three times that of diesel.
  6. This phenomenon makes it a rich source of energy, but the challenge is to compress or liquefy the LH2 (liquid hydrogen); it needs to be kept at a stable minus 253° C (far below the temperature of minus 163° C at which Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) is stored; entailing its ‘prior to using exorbitant cost’.
  7. The production techniques of this ‘Energy-Carrier’ vary depending upon its applications — designated with different colors such as black hydrogen, brown hydrogen, blue hydrogen, green hydrogen, etc.
  8. Black hydrogen is produced by the use of fossil fuel, whereas pink hydrogen is produced through electrolysis, but using energy from nuclear power sources.

Fragile X syndrome

  1. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited genetic disease passed down from parents to children that cause intellectual and developmental disabilities.
  2. It’s also known as Martin-Bell syndrome.
  3. FXS is the most common hereditary cause of mental disability in boys.
  4. It affects 1 in 4,000 boys. It’s less common in girls, affecting about 1 in every 8,000.
  5. Boys usually have more severe symptoms than girls.
  6. People with FXS usually experience a range of developmental and learning problems.
  7. The disease is a chronic or lifelong condition. Only some people with FXS are able to live independently.


FXS is caused by a defect in the FMR1 gene located on the X chromosome. The X chromosome is one of two types of sex chromosomes. The other is the Y chromosome. Women have two X chromosomes while men have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome.

‘2+2’ Ministerial meeting

India and Australia will hold the inaugural ‘2+2’ Ministerial meeting in India

The meeting will be part of Australia’s engagements with regional partners as the Ministers will visit Indonesia, India, South Korea, and the United States for Indo-Pacific consultations.

This inaugural 2+2 discussions will be a cornerstone of the Australia-India Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, which is founded on a shared commitment to a secure, stable, and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.