In Today’s News:
- PM’s address at the UNSC meeting.
- Quit India Movement.
- IPCC Report
1. PM’s address at the UNSC meeting
Hon’ble PM Shri Narendra Modi chaired a High-Level Debate of UNSC on Maritime security.
Prelims GS – International Relations
- UN Security Council has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security in the world.
- It is one of the 6 principal organs of the UN.
- UNSC has 15 members. i.e. 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members.
- Each member has one vote.
- 5 permanent members are:
- the United Kingdom and
- the United States.
- These 5 permanent members have the power to veto any resolution in UNSC.
- 10 non-permanent members are elected by the UN General Assembly for a two-year term.
- 10 non-permanent members seats are distributed on a regional basis as given below:
- 5 for African and Asian States
- 1 for the Eastern European States
- 2 for Latin American and the Caribbean States
- 2 for Western European and other states.
- India will need the vote of 2/3rd members of the UN General Assembly to become a non-permanent member for a two-year term.
- India has won the non-permanent member seat of the United Nations Security Council by securing 184 votes out of 192 votes.
- India has a term of two years starting from January 2021 in the UNSC.
- India has already been a non-permanent member of the UNSC for seven terms. So, this is not the first time. (Important point for Prelims)
Mains GS2 – International Relations
India’s agenda in UNSC as a non-permanent member:
- India can use its term as a non-permanent member to enhance its position as a responsible and constructive member of international society.
- It should emphasize and strengthen multilateralism in UNSC meetings.
- India should try to make progress on the elimination of weapons of mass destruction in a non-discriminatory manner.
- India should highlight the UN Charter and promote the State’s sovereignty and should prevent the interference of outside countries in the domestic affairs of the States.
- Thus, India should use this opportunity to enhance the country’s reputation.
For more information on UNSC, click here to view the official website.
2. Quit India Movement
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to all those who took part in the Quit India Movement, which played a crucial role in strengthening the fight against colonialism.
Click here to view the official PIB release.
Prelims GS – Modern History
Quit India Movement:
- There was widespread discontentment in India due to the failure of the Cripps Mission and the effects of World War II.
- This led Gandhiji to launch a movement calling for the complete withdrawal of the British from India.
- The Congress Working Committee, in its meeting in Wardha on 14 July 1942, passed the historic ‘Quit India’ resolution demanding the immediate transfer of power to Indians and quit India.
- On 8 August 1942 in Bombay, the All India Congress Committee endorsed the resolution which called for a non-violent mass struggle on the widest possible scale throughout the country.
- It was on this occasion that Gandhiji delivered the famous ‘Do or Die’ speech.
- The call for ‘Quit India’ almost brought the state machinery to a standstill in large parts of the country as people voluntarily threw themselves into the thick of the movement.
- People observed hartals, and demonstrations and processions were accompanied by national songs and slogans.
- The movement was truly a mass movement that brought into its ambit thousands of ordinary people, namely students, workers, and peasants.
- It also saw the active participation of leaders, namely, Jayprakash Narayan, Aruna Asaf Ali and Ram Manohar Lohia, and many women such as Matangini Hazra in Bengal, Kanaklata Barua in Assam, and Rama Devi in Odisha.
- The British responded with much force, yet it took more than a year to suppress the movement.
3. IPCC Report
The Sixth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis was released by IPCC.
Prelims GS – International Organizations
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.
- IPCC was created in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
- The objective of the IPCC is to provide governments at all levels with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies.
- IPCC reports are also a key input into international climate change negotiations.
- The IPCC currently has 195 members.
Mains GS3 – Environment
Highlights of IPCC Assessment report:
- The Indian Ocean is warming at a higher rate.
- Global warming may lead to frequent coastal flooding in low-level areas.
- The report also recommends achieving net-zero emissions.
- Monsoon extremes may increase in India and South Asia.
- Human-induced actions are influencing these climate changes.
- The report is considered as “Code Red” for Humanity by the UN Chief.
Click here to view the full IPCC report.
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