In Today’s News:
- Border Area Development Program – Assessment.
- Anemia Mukt Bharat.
1. Border Area Development Program- Assessment
During the year 2020, two evaluation studies have been undertaken on Border Area Development Programme (BADP). The information of assessment of BADP was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai in a written reply to the question in the Lok Sabha.
Prelims GS – Internal Security/Governance
- The Border Area Development Programme (BADP) has been implemented through 17 States (viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal) which constitute the International Land Borders.
- It is implemented in 367 Border Blocks of 104 Border Districts in these 17 States.
- The BADP was started in the year 1986-87 for balanced development of border areas of States bordering Pakistan, namely, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan, and subsequently, it was extended to all the land borders.
- The main objective of the BADP is to meet the special developmental needs and well being of the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the international border and to saturate the border areas with the entire essential infrastructure through convergence of Central/ State/ BADP/ Local schemes and participatory approach.
- The funds under BADP are provided to the States as a 100% non-lapsable Special Central Assistance.
- The Programme was a 100% centrally sponsored gap-filling till 2015-16.
- However, from 2016-17, on the recommendations of the Sub- Group of Chief Ministers, it has been classified as a Core Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) and is now part of the National Development Agenda.
- The funding pattern of BADP (like other Core CSSs), in respect of 8 North Eastern States (viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura) & 3 Himalayan States (viz. Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttarakhand) is in the ratio 90:10 and in respect of 6 other States (viz. Bihar, Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal) is in the ratio 60:40.
- BADP comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Click here to know more about BADP in the PIB release.
2. Anemia Mukt Bharat
All the States and UTs have initiated activities regarding the implementation of Anemia Mukt Bharat namely prophylactic Iron folic acid supplementation, identification of anemic cases, referral & treatment, and others. Currently, the program is in its initial stages and working towards achieving a reduction in anemia prevalence particularly in women, children, and adolescents. The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh. Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.
Prelims GS – Governance(Health)
Anemia Mukt Bharat:
- Anaemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) strategy was launched in 2018 with the objective of reducing anemia prevalence among children, adolescents, and women in the reproductive age group.
- The Anemia Mukt Bharat- intensified Iron-plus Initiative aims to strengthen the existing mechanisms and foster newer strategies for tackling anemia.
- It focuses on six target beneficiary groups, through six interventions and six institutional mechanisms to achieve the envisaged target under the POSHAN Abhiyan.
- This is known as the 6*6*6 strategy.
- Prophylactic Iron and Folic Acid supplementation
- Intensified year-round Behaviour Change Communication Campaign (Solid Body, Smart Mind) focusing on four key behaviors
- Improving compliance to Iron Folic Acid supplementation and deworming
- Appropriate infant and young child feeding practices,
- Increase in intake of iron-rich food through diet diversity/quantity/frequency and/or fortified foods with a focus on harnessing locally available resources and
- Ensuring delayed cord clamping after delivery (by 3 minutes) in health facilities
- Testing and treatment of anemia, using digital methods and point of care treatment, with a special focus on pregnant women and school-going adolescents
- Mandatory provision of Iron and Folic Acid fortified foods in government-funded public health programs
- Addressing non-nutritional causes of anemia in endemic pockets, with a special focus on malaria, hemoglobinopathies
- Children (6-59 months)
- Children (5–9 years)
- Adolescent girls and boys (10–19 years)
- Lactating women
- Pregnant women
- Women of reproductive age (20–24 years)
6 institutional mechanisms:
- National Anemia Mukt Bharat Unit
- Intra Ministerial Coordination
- Strengthening Supply Chain and Logistics
- Convergence with other ministries
- National Centre of Excellence and Advanced Research on Anemia Control
- Anemia Mukt Bharat Dashboard and Digital Portal – One Stop Shop for Anemia
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