In Today’s News:
- NDMA to monitor water release to Karnataka.
- India needs to take a call on Australia’s inclusion in Malabar exercise.
1. NDMA to monitor water release to Karnataka
The High Court of Karnataka observed that due to the release of water from dams in Maharashtra during the monsoon, there is a threatening disaster situation in the State of Karnataka. Hence the High Court directed the NDMA to look into this aspect and issue necessary directions to both states of Karnataka and Maharashtra.
Prelims GS – Disaster Management
- National Disaster Management Authority
- NDMA is a statutory body. i.e. it is established by an act of the Parliament.
- The Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act 2005, which led to the establishment of NDMA.
- Chairperson: Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
- NDMA is responsible for implementing a holistic and integrated approach to disaster management in India.
Mains GS3 – Disaster Management
NDMA and its functions:
NDMA, as the apex body, is mandated to lay down the policies, plans, and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure a timely and effective response to disasters.
Towards this, it has the following responsibilities:-
- Lay down policies on disaster management ;
- Approve the National Plan;
- Approve plans prepared by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India in accordance with the National Plan;
- Lay down guidelines to be followed by the State Authorities in drawing up the State Plan;
- Lay down guidelines to be followed by the different Ministries or Departments of the Government of India for the purpose of integrating the measures for prevention of disaster or the mitigation of its effects in their development plans and projects;
- Coordinate the enforcement and implementation of the policy and plans for disaster management;
- Recommend provision of funds for the purpose of mitigation;
- Provide such support to other countries affected by major disasters as may be determined by the Central Government;
- Take such other measures for the prevention of disaster, or the mitigation, or preparedness and capacity building for dealing with threatening disaster situations or disasters as it may consider necessary;
- Lay down broad policies and guidelines for the functioning of the National Institute of Disaster Management.
Click here to view the official website of NDMA.
2. India needs to take a call on Australia’s inclusion in Malabar Exercise
India will be deciding whether to include Australia in the Malabar exercise along with Japan and the U.S. If Australia is included in the Malabar exercise, then all the QUAD countries will be a part of the Malabar exercise.
Prelims GS – International Relations
- The Malabar exercise was initially a bilateral naval exercise between India and the U.S. in 1992.
- Then it was expanded into a trilateral exercise after Japan was included in 2015.
- Currently, India, Japan, and the U.S. are part of the Malabar exercise.
Mains GS2 – International Relations
Inclusion of Australia in Malabar exercise :
- QUAD countries include India, Japan, the USA, and Australia.
- Already India, Japan, and the U.S are part of the Malabar exercise.
- Australia has repeatedly requested for joining Malabar exercise at least as an observer. However, India did not include Australia in 2018 and 2019 Malabar exercises.
- Now India is considering to include Australia also in Malabar exercise.
- The inclusion of Australia will be a first step in the complete militarization of the QUAD coalition which China has opposed in the past.
- This move comes in the wake of strengthening the QUAD coalition in the Indo-Pacific region as a counter to China.
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