In Today’s News:
- GIS-enabled Land Bank
- Himalayan Yak.
- Zika virus
1. GIS-enabled Land Bank
GIS-enabled Land Bank is gaining popularity and the website has seen a 30% increase in page views each month since April 2021.
Prelims GS – Governance/Science & Technology
- The India Industrial Land Bank (IILB) is a GIS-based portal – a one-stop repository of all industrial infrastructure-related information – connectivity, infra, natural resources & terrain, plot-level information on vacant plots, line of activity, and contact details.
- Currently, the IILB has approximately 4000 industrial parks mapped across an area of 5.5 lakh hectares of land, serving as a decision support system for investors scouting for land remotely.
- The system has been integrated with industry-based GIS systems of 17 states to have details on the portal updated on a real-time basis and will achieve pan-India integration by December 2021.
- The information on the land banks may also be accessed via Invest India website, under the resources tab as India Industrial Land Bank.
Click here to view the official PIB release.
- A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer system that analyzes and displays geographically referenced information.
- It uses data that is attached to a unique location.
- GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map, such as streets, buildings, and vegetation.
- This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships.
2. Himalayan Yak
Himalayan Yaks have been planned to be insured.
Prelims GS – Environment
- The Yak is a long-haired bovine.
- It is found throughout the Himalayan region of India.
- The massively built animal with a drooping head is among the largest bovids with males standing about 6 feet tall at the shoulder.
- It is among the most useful animals of the Himalayan.
- Besides meat, fiber, milk, and hide, yaks are used as beasts of burden.
- Yak is one of the local inhabitants of the cold desert and Yak Safari is unique to enjoy.
- The total Yak Population in India is around 58000.
- UT of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir consists of around 26000 yaks followed by 24000 in Arunachal Pradesh, 5000 in Sikkim, 2000 in Himachal Pradesh, and 1000 in West Bengal and Uttarakhand.
- IUCN Status of Wild Yak(Bos Mutus): Vulnerable
Courtesy: HP Forest
Insurance for Himalayan Yaks:
- The National Research Centre on Yak (NRCY) at Dirang in West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, has tied up with the National Insurance Company Ltd.
- Yak owners would be shielded against the risks posed by weather calamities, diseases, surgical operations,etc.
3. Zika Virus
Cases of Zika Virus have been reported in Kerala.
Prelims GS – Science & Technology
- Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day.
- No vaccine is yet available for the prevention or treatment of Zika virus infection
- Zika virus infection is also a trigger of Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis, particularly in adults and older children.
- Zika virus is also transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy, through sexual contact, transfusion of blood and blood products, and organ transplantation.
- Protection against mosquito bites during the day and early evening is a key measure to prevent Zika virus infection
Click here to view the WHO official website of the Zika virus.
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