In Today’s News:
- Election Commissioner.
- Minimum Support Price.
There was a phishing attack on the Government officials through a malicious web link sent on WhatsApp and SMS and it asked them to update their vaccination status.
Prelims GS – Science & Technology
- Phishing attacks are the practice of sending fraudulent communications or messages that appear to come from a reputable source.
- It is usually done through email but nowadays through Whatsapp and SMS links also.
- The goal is to steal sensitive data like credit card and login information or to install malware on the victim’s machine.
- It is a cyber attack.
Courtesy: CISCO official website.
2. Election Commissioner
Shri. Anup Chandra Pandey assumed charge as the new Election Commissioner of India. Shri Pandey joins the Election Commission of India as second Election Commissioner in a three-member body headed by Chief Election Commissioner Shri Sushil Chandra and Election Commissioner Shri Rajiv Kumar.
Click here to view the PIB release.
Prelims GS – Polity
- The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.
- The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.
- Article 324 deals with the Superintendence, direction, and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
- Election Commission currently consists of Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
- The President appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners.
- They have a tenure of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
- They enjoy the same status and receive salary and perks as available to Judges of the Supreme Court of India.
- The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through impeachment by Parliament.
- The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) presides over the Election Commission but does not have more powers than the other Election Commissioners.
- The CEC and the two Election Commissioners have equal powers to take all decisions relating to elections as a collective body. (Courtesy: NCERT Class XI Indian Constitution at Work Chapter 3)
Click here to view the official website of the Election Commission.
3. Minimum Support Price
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for all mandated Kharif crops for marketing season 2021-22.
Click here to view the official PIB release.
Prelims GS – Economic Development
- Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.
- The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season for certain crops on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).
- MSP is price fixed by the Government of India to protect the producer – farmers – against excessive fall in price during bumper production years.
- The major objectives are to support the farmers from distress sales and to procure food grains for public distribution.
- In case the market price for the commodity falls below the announced minimum price due to bumper production and glut in the market, government agencies purchase the entire quantity offered by the farmers at the announced minimum price.
- MSP is determined for the country as a whole and not region or state-specific.
- The 22 mandated crops, for which MSP is being announced by the government for the last three years, include 14 Kharif crops viz. paddy (Common and Grade ‘A’), jowar (Hybrid and Maldandi varieties), bajra, maize, ragi, arhar, moong, urad, groundnut, soyabean, sunflower, sesamum, nigerseed, cotton (medium staple and long-staple variety) and 6 Rabi crops viz. wheat, barley, gram, Masur (lentil), rapeseed & mustard, safflower, and two commercial crops viz. jute and copra (milling and ball copra).
- In addition, MSP for toria and de-husked coconut is also fixed on the basis of MSPs of rapeseed & mustard, and copra respectively.
- While recommending MSP, CACP considers various factors viz. cost of production, overall demand-supply situations of various crops in domestic and world markets, domestic and international prices, inter-crop price parity, terms of trade between agriculture and non-agriculture sector, likely effect of price policy on rest of economy and a minimum of 50 percent as the margin over the cost of production.
Click here to know more about MSP in the courtesy website Vikaspedia(govt source guide)
Click here for Daily current affairs for the UPSC exams on other dates.