In Today’s News:
- Vanadium source in Arunachal Pradesh.
1. Vanadium source in Arunachal Pradesh
Geological Survey of India(GSI) has put Arunachal Pradesh in the Vanadium map of the country and they will soon find the deposits in Arunachal Pradesh.
Prelims GS – Economic Development/Science & Technology
Vanadium and facts:
- Vanadium is a high-value metal used in strengthening steel and titanium.
- Vanadium is collected as a by-product from the slag collected from the processing of vanadiferous magnetite ores (iron ore).
- Vanadium is a medium-hard, steel-blue metal.
- Vanadium-steel alloys are used to make extremely tough tools such as axles, armor plates, car gears, springs, cutting tools, piston rods, and crankshafts.
- Vanadium alloys are also used to make nuclear reactors because of their low-neutron-absorbing properties.
- The largest deposits of Vanadium are in China.
- The second-largest deposits of Vanadium are found in Russia.
- India is a consumer of Vanadium but not a primary producer.
Geological Survey of India:
- The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was set up in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways.
- Over the years, it has grown into a repository of geo-science information required in various fields in the country and also attained the status of a geo-scientific organization of international repute.
- The main functions of GSI relate to the creation and updation of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment.
- These objectives are achieved through ground surveys, air-borne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting and investigations, multi-disciplinary geoscientific, geo-technical, geo-environmental and natural hazards studies, glaciology, seismotectonic study, and carrying out fundamental research.
- GSI, headquartered at Kolkata, has six Regional offices located at Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Shillong, and Kolkata and State Unit offices in almost all states of the country.
- Presently, the Geological Survey of India is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines.
Click here to view GSI official website.
Click here for Daily current affairs for the UPSC exams on other dates.