In Today’s News:
- Rajasthan’s education guidelines annoy NCPCR.
1. Rajasthan’s education guidelines annoy NCPCR.
Rajasthan government issued guidelines on elementary education earlier this month stating that admissions to private schools under the RTE Act, 2009, for the 2020-21 academic year will take place only from class 1 or above. This has annoyed the NCPCR as it clearly violates the RTE Act 2009. RTE Act 2009 states that private schools will have to admit, “to the extent of at least twenty-five percent of the strength of that class, children belonging to weaker section and disadvantaged group in the neighborhood and provide free and compulsory education till its completion.” Hence, the Chairman of NCPCR has sent a letter to the Secretary of the School Education Department, Rajasthan asking to re-examine the guidelines.
Prelims GS – Polity/Governance
- National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is a statutory body established under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
- NCPCR is under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- Mandate: To ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- The child refers to the people who are between the age of 0-18 years.
- As per section 31 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 NCPCR has the mandate to examine and review the safeguards of the rights provided under the act and to recommend measures for its effective implementation and also to inquire into complaints relating to the violation of child’s right to free and compulsory education and to take necessary steps as provided under Section 15 of the Commission for Protection of Child Rights, 2005.
Click here to know more about NCPCR.
RTE Act,2009: (UPSC 2018 Prelims Question)
- RTE Act, 2009 refers to Right to Education Act,2009.
- It aims to provide primary education to all children between the age of 6-14 years.
- The act also makes provision that private schools need to admit to the extent of at least twenty-five percent of the strength of that class, children belonging to weaker sections and disadvantaged groups in the neighborhood, and provide free and compulsory education till its completion.
- The act also has the provision for the appointment of teachers.
- As per the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE), Act 2009, National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE), has laid down the minimum educational and professional qualifications for a person to be eligible for an appointment as a teacher for classes I-VIII, which are applicable to all schools imparting elementary education, including the schools under the State Governments and to qualify under a Teacher Eligibility Test (TET).
- RTE Act,2009 also prohibits (a) physical punishment and mental harassment; (b) screening procedures for admission of children; (c) capitation fee; (d) private tuition by teachers, and (e) running of schools without recognition.
Click here for more information on the RTE Act,2009.
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