In Today’s News:
- Avicennia Marina
- Article 262.
1. Avicennia Marina
Scientists at the DBT-Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar and SRM-DBT Partnership Platform for Advanced Life Sciences Technologies, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu have reported for the first time a reference-grade whole genome sequence of a highly salt-tolerant and salt-secreting true-mangrove species, Avicennia marina.
Prelims GS – Environment
- Avicennia marina is one of the most prominent mangroves species found in all mangrove formations in India.
- It is a salt-secreting and extraordinarily salt-tolerant mangrove species that grows optimally in 75% seawater and tolerates >250% seawater.
- It is among the rare plant species, which can excrete 40% of the salt through the salt glands in the leaves, besides its extraordinary capacity to exclude salt entry to the roots.
Benefits of Mangroves:
- Mangroves are a unique group of species found in marshy intertidal estuarine regions and survive a high degree of salinity through several adaptive mechanisms.
- Mangroves are important resources for the coastal region and are of great ecological and economic value.
- They form a link between marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
- They protect shorelines.
- They provide habitat for a diverse array of terrestrial organisms
Click here to view the official PIB release.
A study published in a journal analyses the data collected from Cassini spacecraft and analyses whether life is possible on Enceladus.
Prelims GS – Science & Technology/Geography
- Enceladus is one of Saturn’s moons.
- It is a small, icy body.
- Enceladus is explored by Voyager 1 and 2, Cassini.
- Cassini revealed that Enceladus is an active moon that hides a global ocean of liquid salty water beneath its crust
- The discovery of Enceladus’ global ocean, icy jets, and their role in creating Saturn’s E-ring is one of the top findings of the Cassini mission.
Click here to know more about Enceladus on the NASA website.
3. Article 262
There is an article related to the interstate water dispute on the Mekedatu project.
Prelims GS – Polity
- Article 262 deals with the Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys.—
- (1) Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution, or control of the waters of, or in, any inter-State river or river valley.
- (2) Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, Parliament may by law provide that neither the Supreme Court nor any other court shall exercise jurisdiction in respect of any such dispute or complaint as is referred to in clause (1).
As per this article, The Government of India has constituted the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act 1956.
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