Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 11 September 2021


  1. The Health Ministry has launched a new Application Programming Interface (API), through its web portal Co-WIN, called ‘Know Your Customer’s/Client’s Vaccination Status’ (KYC-VS).
  2. KYC-VS will enable a verifying entity to know whether a person has been vaccinated against coronavirus or not.
  3. It is both consent-based and privacy-preserving.
  4. To use this API, an individual needs to register with his/her mobile number and name
  5. The status will be digitally signed and can be shared instantly with the verifying entity.
  6. A real-life example could be when at the time of booking a railway ticket, an individual will input the necessary details for buying the ticket and if required, the concerned entity will also get the vaccination status in the same transaction, with the due consent of the individual.
  7. A webpage with the API, which may be embedded in any system which will allow for seamless integration with any system.
  8. This service may be utilized by any service provider, private or public, for whom verifying an individual’s vaccination status is critical for facilitating a service requested.

Swachh Survekshan Grameen

  1. Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 2021 will be launched under the Swachh Bharat Mission Phase- 2  on 9th September 2021.
  2. It is launched as a part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’
  3. Swachh Survekshan Grameen aims to support the acceleration of ODF plus interventions and results in the country.
  4. An expert agency has been hired to conduct the Survekshan 2021.
  5. The weights to different elements of the SSG 2021 are as below:
    • Direct Observation of sanitation at public places -30%
    • Citizen’s Feedback, including feedback from common citizens, key influencers at the village level and from citizens online using a mobile App -35%
    • Service Level Progress on sanitation-related parameters -35%

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  1. The Scheme has been initiated with the vision to empower at least one person per household with crucial digital literacy skills by 2020.
  2. PMGDISHA is an effort to complement the government’s vision to transform one from each household as digitally literate.
  3. The project aims at helping adults with low technological literacy develop the skills they need to interact in an increasingly digital world.
    The Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan is a dynamic and integrated platform of digital literacy awareness, education and capacity programs that will help rural communities fully participate in the global digital economy.


The PMGDISHA Exam for “Direct Candidates” has been implemented for all those general candidates who wish to obtain PMGDISHA Certificates. The candidates need not undergo any specialized training or contact any training partner for this exam. To register as a direct candidate the applicant must perform the electronic KYC and agrees to the terms and condition for becoming a beneficiary in PMGDISHA scheme. Candidate data will be shared with the examination agencies for the purpose of certification only. If a candidate wants to deregister himself/herself, in such a case CSC will not share the e-KYC data further for issuance of the certificate. Such data may be stored for audit purposes only as per the program guidelines.

Rainfall in August recorded 24% deficiency

  1. Two major spells of weak monsoon prevailed over the country — from August 9-16 and August 23-27 — when northwest, central, and adjoining peninsular and west coast of India had subdued rainfall activities.
  2. Rainfall over the country as a whole was below Long Period Average (LPA) by minus 24 percent.
  3. It is also the lowest August rainfall in the last 12 years after 2009.
  4. August 2021 deficiency was lowest in last 19 years, since 2002.
  5. The Southwest Monsoon season officially commences from June 1 and lasts till September 30.
  6. The month of June recorded 10% more rainfall, but both July and August clocked deficiency of 7 and 24% respectively, according to the IMD data.
  7. The country received 24% less than normal rainfall in August.
  8. Of the four meteorological divisions of the IMD, the central India division received 39% less rainfall.
  9. The division consists of a large swathe of areas from Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha.
  10. The deficiency in the northwest India division, which comprises northern Indian states, was 30%.
  11. The deficiency was 10% t in the south peninsula whereas the east and northeast division received two percent more rainfall than the normal.
  1. The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras was ranked the best higher education institution in the country for the third year in a row y.
  2. IITs dominated the overall rankings, with seven of the top 10 positions.
  3. The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru ranked second, followed by IIT-Bombay, IIT-Delhi, IIT-Kanpur
  4. Among universities, IISc was ranked one.
  5. For management institutions, the Indian Institute of Management (IIT)-Ahmedabad was ranked one, followed by IIM-Bangalore, IIM-Calcutta.
  6. Jamia Hamdard was ranked one for pharmacy
  7. All-India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi scored the top rank for medical institutions
  8. IISc was ranked the best research institution, a category included for the first time.

National Institutional Ranking Framework

  1. The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) was approved by the MHRD
  2. It was launched on 29th September 2015.
  3. This framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.
  4. The methodology draws from the overall recommendations broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD, to identify the broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions.
  5. The parameters broadly cover “Teaching, Learning and Resources,” “Research and Professional Practices,” “Graduation Outcomes,” “Outreach and Inclusivity,” and “Perception”.

Arvo Model

  1. The procurement of 56 C-295MW transport aircraft from Airbus Defence and Space S.A., Spain approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security
  2. It marks the culmination of a decade-long process by the Indian Air Force (IAF) to replace the aging Avro aircraft in service, pending the signing of the formal contract.
  3. This is the first project of its kind in which a military aircraft will be manufactured in India under technology transfer by a private company and is expected to cost close to $3bn.
  4. This procurement is labeled as Arvo Model and it started in 2010.
  5. The Avros once inducted could be deployed on the sea routes replacing the An-32s in those sectors.
  6. The deal has become even more critical for the IAF as a separate project to jointly co-develop and produce a Medium Transport Aircraft (MTA) of 20 tonnes with Russia to replace the An-32s in service was scrapped after initial design discussions.
  7. The Request For Proposal (RFP) was issued to global firms in May 2013 and the sole bid by Airbus and Tata Group with the C-295 aircraft was approved by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) in May 2015.

Climate Action and Finance Mobilisation Dialogue (CAFMD)

  1. The United States and India will launch the Climate Action and Finance Mobilisation Dialogue (CAFMD), one of the two main tracks of the U.S.-India Agenda 2030 Partnership
  2. This was announced in The Leaders Summit on Climate in April 2021
  3. This is one of the United States bilateral and multilateral climate efforts ahead of the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  4. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)will be held from October 31 to November 12, 2021, in Glasgow, United Kingdom.

India-US Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership

  1. It was launched at the Leaders’ Summit on Climate on 22 April 2021,
  2. It is a high-level India-US Partnership that envisages bilateral cooperation on strong actions in the current decade to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.
    India and the United States have set ambitious 2030 targets for climate action and clean energy.
  3. In its new nationally determined contribution, the United States has set an economy-wide target of reducing its net greenhouse gas emissions by 50-52 percent below 2005 levels in 2030.
  4. As part of its climate mitigation efforts, India has set a target of installing 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030.
  5. The Partnership will aim to mobilize finance and speed clean energy deployment; demonstrate and scale innovative clean technologies needed to decarbonize sectors including industry, transportation, power, and buildings; and build capacity to measure, manage, and adapt to the risks of climate-related impacts.
  6. The Partnership will proceed along two main tracks:
    •   The Strategic Clean Energy Partnership
    • Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue

To know more about the agenda 2030 Partnership click here