Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 13 January 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. SAARC
  2. Public Interest Litigation.


News Summary

There is a politically related article in the news regarding SAARC. The news is not important but the SAARC organization is important.

Prelims GS – International Relations

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established with the signing of the SAARC Charter in Dhaka on 8 December 1985.
  • SAARC comprises eight Member States:
    • Afghanistan,
    • Bangladesh,
    • Bhutan,
    • India,
    • Maldives,
    • Nepal,
    • Pakistan and
    • Sri Lanka.
  • The Secretariat of the Association was set up in Kathmandu on 17 January 1987.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

Objectives of SAARC:

The objectives of the Association as outlined in the SAARC Charter are:

  • to promote the welfare of the peoples of South Asia and to improve their quality of life;
  • to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in the region and to provide all individuals the opportunity to live in dignity and to realize their full potentials;
  • to promote and strengthen collective self-reliance among the countries of South Asia; to contribute to mutual trust, understanding, and appreciation of one another’s problems;
  • to promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in the economic, social, cultural, technical, and scientific fields;
  • to strengthen cooperation with other developing countries; to strengthen cooperation among themselves in international forums on matters of common interests; and
  • to cooperate with international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes.

Click here to know more about SAARC on the official website.

2. Public Interest Litigation

News Summary

There is a political article in today’s newspaper not relevant for the exam but the concept of PIL mentioned in that article is important.

Prelims GS – Polity/Governance

Public Interest Litigation:(PIL)
  • PIL is also known as Social Action Litigation( PIL or SAL)
  • Earlier litigation or complaint will be accepted in courts only by the aggrieved parties.
  • But around 1979 PIL concept has been introduced.
  • PIL refers to a concept where even a person who has not been directly affected or even a person who has not been indirectly affected can also approach the court in the public interest on the behalf of the aggrieved person.
  • After the introduction of PIL, the common rule of locus standi is relaxed.
  • PIL Concept was introduced by Justice PN Bhagwati.
  • Public-spirited people and organizations started seeking judicial intervention mainly for the protection of rights, improving the conditions of the poor (social issues), environment, etc through PIL.
  • PIL is the important vehicle of Judicial Activism.



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