Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 13 July 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 13 July 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Punjab farmers use the DSR technique for growing paddy.
  2. NATGRID gets access to data from the CCTNS database.

1. Punjab farmers use the DSR technique for growing paddy

News Summary

Farmers in Punjab have found a new and better method of growing paddy. After the COVID-19 pandemic, due to the shortage of labor and mass departure of migrants, farmers have taken up the method of Direct Seeding of Rice(DSR) instead of the transplanting technique. This method also prevents a major problem of stubble burning.

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Environment/Agriculture

Direct Seeding of Rice Technique(DSR):
  • Direct Seeding of Rice refers to the process of establishing a rice crop from seeds sown in the field rather than by transplanting seedlings from the nursery.
  • In transplanting techniques, farmers prepare nurseries where the paddy seeds are first sown and raised into young plants. These seedlings are then uprooted and replanted 25-35 days later in the main field.
  • During the process of transplantation in the main field, heavy labor is involved. This has been saved in the DSR technique.
  • DSR method saves labor as the seeds are directly drilled into the field by a tractor-powered machine and it avoids nursery raising.
  • This method of sowing rice requires less water for irrigation than the traditional transplanting method.
  • Also, early crop maturity is another biggest advantage.
  • Low Production cost is involved in the DSR technique.
  • Also, post-harvest crop residue will be lesser than the traditional method of transplanting.
  • As a result, when post-harvest crop residue is less, stubble burning will be reduced and this will eventually reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
Stubble burning:
  • Stubble burning is nothing but the removal of crop residue from the field for next sowing by burning.
  • This stubble burning is usually practiced in Haryana and Punjab which causes serious air pollution in those areas and also it spreads even till Delhi- NCR.
  • To solve the problem of stubble burning, the “Happy Seeder” technique is used.
  • “Happy Seeder” is a machine mounted on a tractor that not only cuts and uproots the stubble but can also drill wheat seeds on the soil that has just been cleared up. The straw is simultaneously thrown over the sown seeds to form a mulch cover.
  • Also, the DSR technique is very much useful in reducing the crop residue and ultimately stubble burning is reduced.

2. NATGRID gets access to data from CCTNS Database

News Summary

NATGRID has signed an MOU with National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB) to access the centralized Database on FIRs and stolen vehicles. This MOU will help NATGRID to get access to the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) database. CCTNS Database is a platform that links around 14,000 police stations.

Prelims GS – Security

NATGRID:
  • National Intelligence Grid(NATGRID) is an attached office under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • It has been created as an IT platform to assist the intelligence and law enforcement agencies in ensuring national and internal security, with the ultimate aim of countering terrorism and related activities.
  • NATGRID is a robust intelligence gathering mechanism related to immigration, banking, individual taxpayers, air, and train travels with real-time data. This is a major advantage as real-time information can be captured easily.
  • It was first conceptualized in 2009 following 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks and this NATGRID will be operational before the end of 2020.
  • The 10 agencies which can access the NATGRID data on a real-time basis are Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research & Analysis Wing (R&AW), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Enforcement Directorate (ED), Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU), Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), Directorate General of Central Excise and Intelligence (DGCEI) and Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB).
  • NATGRID will act as a link between intelligence and investigation agencies.

 

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