Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 13 September 2021

Swarnim Vijay Mashaal

  1. The  Swarnim Vijay Mashaal (Victory Flame), touring the Country to mark 50 glorious years of victory over Pakistan during the 1971 Indo-Pak War, arrived at Dahung.
  2. The Mashaal was received at Sessa, Arunachal Pradesh with full military honors.
  3. It is a symbol of gratitude towards the gallant soldiers who fought and laid down their lives during the 1971 War.
  4. Swarnim Vijay Varsh Victory Flame commemorates 50 years of India’s resounding victory over Pakistan and the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, was flagged off from the National War Memorial, New Delhi on December 16, 2020.

A food Processing unit in Mornea

  1. To commemorate 75 years of India’s independence, the Government of India is celebrating the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.’
  2. As a part of the celebration, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries is celebrating Food Processing Week from 6 September 2021 to 12 September 2021.
  3.  Food Processing Unit of M/s Sahara Frozen Foods was established in Morena, Madhya Pradesh, under the Cold Chain scheme of Central sector scheme – Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana.
  4. The Sahara Frozen Foods unit has been set up at a project cost of Rs. 21.09 crores and a grant in aid of Rs. 10 crores from the Ministry.
  5. The unit will also provide direct and indirect employment to about 700 persons and benefit about 1,000 farmers in the CPC and PPC catchment areas.

Click here to know more

Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind

  1. India and Denmark launched the ‘Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind’ as part of the green strategic partnership between the two nations.
  2. It assumes significance, given that the ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) has set a target of adding 30 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy projects by 2030.
  3. India plans to leverage scale to lower offshore energy tariffs by harnessing the enormous wind power potential along its 7,600km coastline.
  4. This renewed push for green energy comes at a time when the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said extreme weather events will impact lives, livelihoods, and businesses in India and South Asia.
  5. In the initial phases, the center of excellence (CoE) will focus on the offshore wind sector.
  6. In the medium to long term, the vision is that the center will broaden to include a wider group of international governments and players, accumulating experience and best practices on offshore wind, and become an international center for offshore wind and with broader links to new and renewable energy.
  7. This center will at the outset be centered on four working groups
    •  spatial planning;
    •  financial framework conditions
    •  supply chain infrastructure
    •  standards and testing.

Indian Railways Organisation for Alternative Fuels

  1. The Ministry of Railways has announced the closure of the Indian Railways Organisation for Alternative Fuels (IROAF), an enterprise headquartered in New Delhi
  2. It was exclusively formed to promote green energy by introducing alternative energy, fuel-efficient, and emission-control technologies across the railway network.
  3. In keeping with its mission towards Green Railways, the IROAF had invited bids just last month in August for Hydrogen Fuel Cell-based trains to kickstart the concept of hydrogen mobility in the country along with the 89-km Sonipat-Jind sector of Northern Railway.

Tamil Nadu’s $10-billion green energy island to get Denmark aid

  1. The state is likely to see a $5-10 billion renewable sector investment with Danish participation, including an energy island in the Gulf of Mannar.
  2. The island may produce 4-10 Gw.
  3.  If it materializes, the project will be the first offshore floating wind park in India.
  4. The Gulf of Mannar lies between the west coast of Sri Lanka and the south-eastern tip of India.
  5. This comes days after the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation (Tangedco) announced its plans to come up with 20,000 Mw of solar power projects with adequate battery storage, 3,000 Mw of pumped-storage hydroelectric projects, and 2,000 Mw of gas-based power units in the next 10 years. These projects are expected to require loans of around Rs 1.32 trillion.

ADB and Jharkhand deal

  1. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $112 million loan to develop water supply infrastructure and strengthen the capacity of urban local bodies (ULBs) for improved service delivery in four towns in the state of Jharkhand.
  2. The project is aligned to the Government of Jharkhand’s priority to improve urban services in the state and will ensure continuous, treated piped water supply in the state capital of Ranchi and other three towns of Hussainabad, Jhumri Telaiya, and Medininagar located in economically and socially backward areas.
  3. “The project will be ADB’s first urban project in the state and help establish a model for continuous water supply combined with policy reforms for sustainable operation, which can be replicated by other low-income states for providing safe drinking water to urban households as envisaged under national Jal Jeevan Mission.
  4. ADB is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty. Established in 1966, it is owned by 68 members—49 from the region.

England: First Country to require all new homes to have EV chargers

  1. The new law will make England the first country in the world to require all new homes to have EV chargers.
  2. The British government will introduce legislation in 2021 that will require all newly built homes and offices to feature electric vehicle chargers in England.
  3. Specifically, all new homes and offices will have to feature “smart” charging devices that can automatically charge vehicles during off-peak periods.
  4. New office blocks will need to install a charge point for every five parking spaces.
  5. The proposal is part of the movement to rapidly boost the number of chargers across England ahead of the UK’s 2030 ban of new fossil-fuel vehicles, the report said.
  6. The government originally announced a proposal to mandate that all new homes have a charge point with a parking space in 2019.
  7. The home and office EV charger mandate is expected to start in 2022.

Japan and Vietnam Defense deal

  1. Japan and Vietnam have agreed to step up cooperation amid worries about China’s growing military influence, signing a new deal that enables the export of Japanese-made defense equipment and technology to Hanoi.
  2. It elevates the two countries’ defense partnership “to a new level” and that Japan and Vietnam plan to deepen defense ties through multinational joint exercises and other means.
  3. Vietnam is the 11th nation with which Japan has signed defense equipment and technology transfer deal.
  4. Vietnam has territorial disputes with China over the Spratly and Paracel island groups in the South China Sea.
  5. This deal highlights the importance of maintaining freedom of navigation and overflight in the Indo-Pacific region, as well as cooperation in various defense areas including cybersecurity.
  6. Tokyo is looking to expand military cooperation beyond its longtime ally, the United States, and has signed similar agreements with the United Kingdom, Australia, the Philippines, and Indonesia.
  7. Japan and China are also embroiled in a territorial dispute, with Tokyo regularly protesting against the Chinese coastguard’s presence in the East China Sea near the Japanese-controlled Senkaku islands, which Beijing also claims and calls Diaoyu. Japanese officials say Chinese vessels routinely violate Japanese territorial waters around the islands, sometimes threatening fishing boats.

North Korea tests long-range Cruise Missile

  1. North Korea says it successfully test-fired  newly developed long-range cruise missile
  2. It shows North Korea continues to expand its military capabilities amid a stalemate in nuclear negotiations with the United States.
  3. It successfully hit targets 1,500 m away during its flight tests.

US and North Korea relations

  1. Workers’ Party in January doubled down on his pledge to bolster his nuclear deterrent in the face of US sanctions and pressure and issued a long wish list of new sophisticated assets, including longer-range intercontinental ballistic missiles, nuclear-powered submarines, spy satellites, and tactical nuclear weapons.
  2. Talks between the United States and North Korea have stalled since the collapse of a summit between then-President Donald Trump and Kim in 2019 when the Americans rejected the North’s demand for major sanctions relief in exchange for a partial surrender of its nuclear capabilities.
  3. Kim’s government has so far rejected the Biden administration’s overtures for dialogue, demanding that Washington abandon its “hostile” policies first.
  4. North Korea ended a yearlong pause in ballistic tests in March by firing two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea, continuing a tradition of testing new US administrations with weapons demonstrations aimed at measuring Washington’s response and wresting concessions.

World’s largest plant capturing CO2 from air starts up in Iceland

  1. The world’s largest plant designed to suck carbon dioxide out of the air and turning it into rock started.
  2. The plant, named Orca, after the Icelandic word “orka” meaning “energy”, consists of four units, each made up of two metal boxes, similar in appearance to the containers used for maritime transport.
  3. Constructed by Switzerland’s Climeworks and Iceland’s Carbfix, when operating at capacity the plant will draw 4,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) out of the air every year, according to the companies.
  4. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), that equates to the emissions from about 870 cars.