In Today’s News:
- Sputnik V vaccine.
- Nasscom urges the government to relax FCRA norms.
- Isreal Palestine Conflict
- OCI and Home Ministry notification.
1. Sputnik V vaccine
Sputnik V vaccine will be available in India from next week as said by a NITI AAYOG member.
Prelims GS – Governance/World News
Sputnik V vaccine:
- Sputnik V is the first registered COVID-19 vaccine in the world.
- Russian adenovirus vector-based vaccine was registered by the Russian Ministry of Health on August 11 and became the first registered COVID-19 vaccine on the market.
- The announcement created a so-called “Sputnik moment” for the global community.
- In 1957 the successful launch of the first space satellite by the Soviet Union reinvigorated space research around the world. The new Russian COVID-19 vaccine is therefore called Sputnik V.
- Sputnik V has been developed by the Gamaleya National Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Russia.
- Phase 3 clinical trials of Sputnik V have been conducting in the UAE, India, Venezuela, and Belarus.
- Sputnik V is one of the three vaccines in the world with an efficacy of over 90%.
Click here to view the official website.
2. Nasscom urges the government to relax FCRA norms
Nasscom has urged the Government to relax FCRA norms so that overseas COVID-19 relief can have ease of flow into the country during this pandemic.
Prelims GS – Governance
- Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010 has been enacted by the Parliament to consolidate the law to regulate the acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies and to prohibit acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
- FCRA comes under the purview of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- An FCRA license is mandatory for non-profit organizations and voluntary organizations to receive foreign funds.
- FCRA online is an e-governance initiative by the Ministry of Home Affairs to provide a smart, citizen-centric & transparent mechanism for citizens and organizations to avail various services related to FCRA and Foreign Hospitality
Click here to view more about FCRA Faqs.
3. Isreal Palestine conflict
There is a huge conflict going on between Isreal and Palestine. There was a deadly fire exchange with Islamist militants in Gaza.
Prelims GS – World News/Current Affairs
- Gaza strip is a territory occupying 140 square miles (363 square km) along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula.
- The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian military rule from 1949 to 1956 and again from 1957 to 1967
- In the Six-Day War of June 1967, the Gaza Strip was again taken by Israel.
- Confrontations between Israeli police and Palestinian demonstrators prompted Hamas to launch rockets into Jerusalem and parts of southern Israel; Israel responded with airstrikes in the Gaza Strip.
- Even today there is an ongoing crisis between Israel and Palestine on this Gaza strip.
4. OCI and Home Ministry notification
Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs), such as journalists, engineers, and researchers, have been asked to notify the Ministry of Home Affairs about their activities in India as per the March 4th order of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Prelims GS – Governance
OCI:(Overseas Citizens of India)
- A foreign national, –
- (i) who was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after 26th January 1950; or
- (ii) who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26th January 1950; or
- (iii) who belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15th August 1947; or
- (iv) who is a child or a grandchild or a great-grandchild of such a citizen; or
- (v) who is a minor child of such persons mentioned above; or
- (vi) who is a minor child and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India – is eligible for registration as an OCI cardholder.
- Besides, spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder and whose marriage has been registered and subsisted for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the application is also eligible for registration as OCI cardholder.
- However, no person, who or either of whose parents or grandparents or great grandparents is or had been a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh or such other country as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, shall be eligible for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder.
- Foreign nationals cannot apply for OCI in India while on Tourist Visa, Missionary Visa and Mountaineering Visa. Moreover, the foreigner has to be ordinarily resident of India to be eligible to apply for OCI registration in India.
- Note: ‘ordinarily resident’ will mean a person staying in a particular country or in India for a continuous period of 6 months.
Benefits of OCI:
- Multiple entries, multi-purpose life long visa to visit India;
- Exemption from reporting to Police authorities for any length of stay in India; and
- Parity with NRIs in financial, economic, and educational fields except in the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties.
Click here to view the official OCI services website.
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