Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 15 July 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 15 July 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Rangers guide three tigers out of Kaziranga National Park from floods.
  2. India, China hold the fourth round of consultations on LAC.
  3. WPI inflation slows for the third consecutive month.

1. Rangers guide three tigers out of Kaziranga National Park from floods

News Summary

Heavy floods have lashed Assam. Kaziranga National Park which is the most famous park in Assam is also heavily flooded. Wildlife officials and rescue workers at the flooded Kaziranga National Park (KNP) had to provide a “safe passage” for three tigers and guided them to the relative safety of the hills beyond a highway along the southern edge of the park. These animals usually use the major and minor corridors built between KNP and Karbi Anglong to escape floods and they return back after the water subsides. Recently, these corridors have been obstructed by buildings and traffic which is a serious hindrance to the animals in the KNP.

Prelims GS – Environment

Kaziranga National Park:(KNP)
  • Location: Assam
  • KNP is a reserve forest area.
  • Formed in the year 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the wife of Lord Curzon.
  • Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon district of Assam.
  • Kaziranga National Park is the home to over 2200 Great One-Horned Rhinoceros. (UPSC Prelims Question)
  • In 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • Also, the park is home to other animals like elephants, tigers, wild water buffalo, and swampy deer.
  • The Tiger population has increased manifold in KNP. Hence, KNP was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
  • KNP is also declared as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.
  • Birds found: lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian Openbill stork.
  • Flora: Four types of vegetation’ like alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests are the vegetation types found in KNP.
  • Four major rivers passing through the park: Brahmaputra, Diphlu, Mora Dhansiri.

2. India, China hold the fourth round of consultation on LAC

News Summary

India and China held the fourth round of Corps Commanders talk at Chushul on Tuesday. The discussion was on the second phase of disengagement on the Line of Actual Control(LAC). During the talks, India has consistently maintained restoration of the status quo which was before April and the complete withdrawal of deployment by China along the LAC.

Prelims GS – International Relations

Line of Actual Control(LAC):

Refer Prelims content of LAC on 8th June 2020.

3. WPI Inflation slows for the third consecutive month

News Summary

Prices in the wholesale market fell for the third month consecutively due to a sharp decline in power and fuel even though prices of food items remained expensive.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

WPI:
  • Wholesale Price Index (WPI) measures the average change in the prices of commodities for bulk sale at the level of early stage of transactions.
  • WPI calculates the price paid by the manufacturers and wholesalers in the market.
  • WPI is released by the Office of Economic Advisor, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • Primary articles, Fuel and power, and Manufactured products are the three major groups covered by the index basket of WPI.
  • An upward surge in WPI indicates inflationary trend in the economy.
  • WPI is also known as the Headline Inflation rate.
  • WPI uses the base year of 2011-2012 from April 2017.
  • The total number of items covered under WPI is 697.
  • WPI basket does not cover services. (UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION)

 

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