Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 15 July 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. National Ayush Mission.
  2. Special livestock sector package.
  3. Article 340.

1. National Ayush Mission

News Summary

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the continuation of the National AYUSH Mission (NAM) from 01-04-2021 to 31-03-2026.

Prelims GS – Governance

National Ayush Mission:
  • National AYUSH Mission (NAM) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  • It is being implemented by the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.
  • The Mission is addressing the gaps in health services through supporting the efforts of State/UT Governments for providing AYUSH health services/education in the country, particularly in vulnerable and far-flung areas.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2- Governance

Objectives of AYUSH mission:
  • To provide cost-effective AYUSH Services, with universal access through upgrading AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries, co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs), and District Hospitals (DHs).
  • To establish a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices to empower masses for self-care to reduce the disease burden, out-of-pocket expenditure, and to provide informed choice to the needy public.
  • To strengthen institutional capacity at the state level through upgrading AYUSH educational institutions, State Govt. ASU&H Pharmacies, Drug Testing Laboratories, and ASU & H enforcement mechanism.
  • Support cultivation of medicinal plants by adopting Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) so as to provide a sustained supply of quality raw materials and support certification mechanism for quality standards, Good Agricultural/Collection/Storage Practices.
  • Support setting up of clusters through the convergence of cultivation, warehousing, value addition, and marketing and development of infrastructure for entrepreneurs.

Click here to view the Courtesy: official website

2. Special livestock sector package

News Summary

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved the implementation of a special livestock sector package amounting to Rs.9800 crore over the duration of 5 years for leveraging a total investment of Rs.54,618 crore for 5 years.

Prelims GS – Governance

Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM) has been launched in December 2014 with an outlay of Rs 2025 crore for the development and conservation of indigenous breeds through selective breeding in the breeding tract and genetic up-gradation of the nondescript bovine population.
  • The scheme comprises two components namely
    • National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) and
    • National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP).

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

Objectives of RGM:
  • Development and conservation of indigenous breeds;
  • Breed improvement program for indigenous breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock;
  • Enhancing milk production and productivity of bovine population by increasing disease free high genetic merit female population and check on the spread of diseases ;
  • Upgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi ;
  • Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service;
  • To bring all breedable females under organized breeding through AI or natural service using germplasm of high genetic merits;
  • To arrange quality Artificial Insemination (AI) services at farmers’ doorstep;
  • To create an e-market portal for bovine germplasm for connecting breeders and farmers

Click here to know more about the official guidelines of the RGM pdf.

Impact of Special livestock sector package:
  • The Rashtriya Gokul Mission will help in the development and conservation of indigenous breeds and would also contribute to improving the economic condition of the rural poor.
  • The National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD) scheme is targeted towards the installation of about 8900 bulk milk coolers, thus providing benefit to more than 8 lakh milk producers and 20 LLPD milk will be additionally procured.
  • Under NPDD, financial assistance from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) will be availed thus strengthening and creating fresh infrastructure in 4500 villages.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

3. Article 340

News Summary

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the Eleventh Extension of the term of the Commission constituted under Article 340 of the Constitution to examine the issue of Sub-categorization within Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the Central List by 6 months beyond 31st July 2021 and upto 31st January 2022.

Prelims GS – Polity

Article 340:  Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.—

(1) The President may by order appoint a Commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the
conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the Union or any State to remove such difficulties and to improve their condition and as to the grants that should be made for the purpose by the Union or any State and the conditions subject to which such grants should be made, and the order appointing such Commission shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission.
(2) A Commission so appointed shall investigate the matters referred to them and present to the President a report setting out the facts as found by them and making such recommendations as they think proper.
(3) The President shall cause a copy of the report so presented together with a memorandum explaining the action taken thereon to be laid before each House of Parliament.

Click here to view the Courtesy: Constitution of India official document.

The benefit of extension of the term of the Commission constituted under Article 340:
  • The proposed extension of tenure and addition in its terms of reference shall enable the “Commission” to submit a comprehensive report on the issue of sub-categorization of OBCs, after consultation with various stakeholders.

Click here to view the official PIB release.





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