Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 15 June 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. PM Bharatiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana.
  2. Jivan Vayu.
  3. WPI inflation.
  4. Hydrogen Fuel cells.

1. PM Bharatiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana

News Summary

Minister of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers Shri Mansukh Mandaviya virtually inaugurated the Pradhanmantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendra in Pragpur at Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. The Government has set a target to increase the number of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras (PMBJKs) to 10000 by March 2024. As of 11th June 2021, the number of stores has increased to 7836.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP):
  • ‘Jan Aushadhi Scheme’ was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Government of India in November 2008 across the county.
  • Now, the ‘Jan Aushadhi Scheme’ has been revisited and renamed as ‘Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP).
  • The Scheme is being implemented through a registered society namely the Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) which is working under the administrative control of the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Government of India.
  • The Product Basket of the scheme now covers more than 1250 medicines and 204 surgical & consumables in all major therapeutic categories such as Anti-infective, Anti-allergic, Anti-diabetics, Cardiovascular, Anti-cancers, Gastro-intestinal medicines, etc.
  • To make available quality medicines consumables and surgical items at affordable prices for all and thereby reduce the out-of-pocket expenditure of consumers/patients.
  • To popularize generic medicines among the masses and dispel the prevalent notion that low-priced generic medicines are of inferior quality or are less effective.
  • Generate employment by engaging individual entrepreneurs in the opening of PMBJP Kendras.

Click here to view the official website.

2. Jivan Vayu

News Summary

Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar has developed a device ‘Jivan Vayu’.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a treatment method for patients having breathing problems during sleep called sleep apnea.
  • The machine uses mild air pressure to keep the airways open for easy breathing.
  • It is also used to treat infants whose lungs have not fully developed.
  • The machine blows air into the baby’s nose to help inflate his or her lungs.
  • The treatment is all the more necessary during the early stages of the Covid-19 infection.
  • It reduces lung damage and allows patients to recover from the inflammatory effects.
Jivan Vayu:
  • ‘Jivan Vayu’ is a device that can be used as a substitute for a CPAP machine.
  • This is the Nation’s first such device that functions even without electricity and is adapted to both kinds of oxygen generation units like O2 cylinders and oxygen pipelines in hospitals.
  • These provisions are not available in existing CPAP machines.
  • Jivan Vayu’ is designed for a 22mm CPAP closed-circuit tube.
  • Jivan Vayu’ can deliver high flow oxygen (20–60 LPM) while maintaining a continuous positive pressure of up to 20 cm H2O.
  • The device is designed to maintain a FiO2 of above 40% with a PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure) of 5-20 cm H2O.
  • It has an inbuilt viral filter at the air entrainment end which has a viral efficacy of 99.99%
  • The device has been manufactured using 3D printing.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

3. WPI inflation

News Summary

The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI, was 12.94% (Provisional) for the month of May 2021 (over May 2020) as compared to -3.37% in May 2020. The high rate of inflation in May 2021 is primarily due to the low base effect and rise in prices of crude petroleum, mineral oils viz. petrol, diesel, naphtha, furnace oil, etc., and manufactured products as compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

  • Wholesale Price Index(WPI) is released by the Office of the Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • WPI captures the average movement of wholesale prices of goods and is primarily used as a GDP deflator.
  • WPI(2011-12) reckons only basic prices and does not include taxes, rebate/trade discounts, transport, and other charges.
  • WPI index basket covers three major groups: Primary articles, Fuel & Power, and Manufactured Products.

Click here to view the WPI of May 2021 on the Courtesy: PIB release

4. Hydrogen Fuel cells

News Summary

NTPC has invited Expression of Interest (EOI) for Hydrogen Fuel cell-based projects.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

Hydrogen Fuel cell:
  • A fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat, and water.
  • Fuel cells are often compared to batteries.
  • Both convert the energy produced by a chemical reaction into usable electric power.
  • However, the fuel cell will produce electricity as long as fuel (hydrogen) is supplied, never losing its charge.
  • Fuel cells are a promising technology for use as a source of heat and electricity for buildings and as an electrical power source for electric motors propelling vehicles. Fuel cells operate best on pure hydrogen.
  • Hydrogen fuel cells emit only water, so there are no carbon dioxide emissions and no air pollutants that create smog and cause health problems at the point of operation.

Click here to know more about Hydrogen fuel cells on the Courtesy website.

Working of Fuel cell:
  • Fuel cells work like batteries, but they do not run down or need recharging.
  • They produce electricity and heat as long as fuel is supplied.
  • A fuel cell consists of two electrodes—a negative electrode (or anode) and a positive electrode (or cathode)—sandwiched around an electrolyte.
  • A fuel, such as hydrogen, is fed to the anode, and the air is fed to the cathode.
  • In a hydrogen fuel cell, a catalyst at the anode separates hydrogen molecules into protons and electrons, which take different paths to the cathode.
  • The electrons go through an external circuit, creating a flow of electricity.
  • The protons migrate through the electrolyte to the cathode, where they unite with oxygen and the electrons to produce water and heat.

Courtesy: U.S. EERE website.




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