Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 15 October 2021

1. NHRC

National Human Rights Commission celebrated its 28th Foundation Day celebrated on 12th October 2021

About NHRC

  1. Human Rights are an indispensable part of society and Human Rights in India are watched by NHRC.
  2. NHRC acts as a watchdog of human rights in the country.
  3. NHRC looks over the rights that are related to life, dignity, liberty and equality of the individual that is defined in Section 2(1) of the PHR Act.
  4. They are guaranteed by the Constitution of India, embodied in the international covenants and are enforceable by the courts of India as well.
  5. NHRC was established in compliance with the Paris Principles of Human Rights, 1991 which were adopted for the promotion and protection of Human Rights and were endorsed by the United Nations at its General Assembly of 1993

NHRC Composition

  1. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is composed of a Chairperson and eight other members.
  2. Those eight members are Four full-time members and Four deemed members.
  3. Chairman: Retired Chief Justice of India
  4. Member 1: One who is/has been a Judge of the Supreme Court of India
  5. Member 2: One who is/has been a Chief Justice of a High Court
  6. Two Members: Candidates with the knowledge or practical experience in the matters of Human Rights
  7. Ex- Officio Members: Deemed members are chairpersons of the below national commissions:
    • National Commission for Minorities
    • National Commission for Scheduled Castes
    • National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
    • National Commission for Women

Appointment of NHRC Members

  1. A Selection Committee will recommend the candidates to the President.
  2. The Selection Committee includes:
    • Prime Minister (Chairman)
    • Speaker of Lok Sabha
    • Union Home Minister
    • Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
    • Leaders of the Opposition in both Houses of the Parliament

2. One Health

  1. Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, GoI Launched a mega consortium on ‘One Health’.
  2. This program envisages carrying out surveillance of important bacterial, viral and parasitic infections of zoonotic as well as transboundary pathogens in India, including the North-eastern part of the country.
  3.  The use of existing diagnostic tests and the development of additional methodologies when required are mandated for the surveillance and for understanding the spread of emerging diseases.
  4. The Consortium consists of 27 organizations led by DBT-National Institute of Animal Biotechnology, Hyderabad
  5. It is one of the biggest health programs launched by the Govt of India in post-COVID times.
  6.  The One health consortium consists of AIIMS, Delhi, AIIMS Jodhpur, IVRI, Bareily, GADVASU, Ludhiana, TANUVAS, Chennai, MAFSU, Nagpur, Assam agricultural and veterinary university and many more ICAR, ICMR centers, and wildlife agencies.

3. Climate Resilience Information System and Planning Tool

  1. It is a tool for integration of climate information in Geographic Information System (GIS) based watershed planning under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA
  2. CRISP-M tool will help embed climate information in the GIS-based planning and implementation of Mahatma Gandhi NREGS.
  3. The implementation of CRISP-M will open up new possibilities for our rural communities to deal with the issues of climate change.
  4. This tool will be used in seven states wherein the Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO), Government of the UK and Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India are jointly working towards climate resilience.
  5. The states are Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Rajasthan.

4. Flower Scorpionfish

Recently, a fish species named Flower Scorpionfish (Hoplosebastes Armatus) which was only found in the Pacific Ocean has been discovered in the Indian Ocean.

About the Fish

  1. It belongs to the order of ray-finned fish that is also known as
  2. It was discovered in the Pacific Ocean off Japan almost a century ago in
  3. Fish of the scorpionfish family are some of the most poisonous animals in the ocean
  4. The head of the species is comparatively large and greater than the body.
  5. Scorpionfish blend in perfectly with their coral and rocky surroundings because of their mottled color patterns
  6. Earlier, they were only found in the Pacific Ocean.
  7. However, its range now extends from the Northwest Pacific to the Indian Ocean
  8. The rise in the temperature of seawater due to global warming might have induced the migration of this species from different regions.

Scorpaeniformes

  1. Also called mail-cheeked fish, any one of a group of bony fishes that are characterized by a plate of bone running across each cheek.
  2. They are widespread throughout the oceans of the world.
  3. They are believed to have originated in warm marine waters but have invaded temperate and even arctic and Antarctic seas, as well as fresh waters of the Northern Hemisphere.

5. Kunming Declaration

  1. The Kunming Declaration was adopted by over 100 countries at the first part of the ongoing virtual 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.
  2. It calls upon the parties to mainstream biodiversity protection in decision-making and recognizes the importance of conservation in protecting human health.
  3. By adopting this, the nations have committed themselves to support the development, adoption, and implementation of an effective post-2020 implementation plan, a capacity-building action plan for the Cartagena Protocol on biosafety.
  4. The theme of the declaration is Ecological Civilization: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth.
  5. Signatory nations will ensure that the post-pandemic recovery policies, programs, and plans contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, promoting sustainable and inclusive development.
  6. The parties have demonstrated their commitment to accelerate the development and update of the strategy document National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans.
  7. The signed declaration will be submitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations, the 2022 High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, and the United Nations Environment Assembly at the second part of the ongoing session

 6. Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures for Asia

The CICA 6th ministerial meeting kicks off in Nur-Sultan and is expected to adopt the Declaration of the 6th CICA Ministerial Meeting, the updated Catalogue of CICA Confidence Building Measures, the Regulations of the CICA Think Tanks Forum and amendments to the CICA Rules of Procedure regarding the status of observers.

About CICA

  1. The CICA is an intergovernmental forum aimed at strengthening regional cooperation and ensuring peace, security, and stability in Asia.
  2. The idea of creating the organization was first voiced by Kazakhstan’s First President Nursultan Nazarbayev in 1992 at the 47th session of the United Nations General Assembly
  3. The first CICA summit was held in June of 2002.
  4. CICA members include 27 Asian countries, including Azerbaijan, Bahrain, China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Russia, South Korea, and Turkey, nine observer states, and five international organizations.
  5. In September of 2020, Kazakhstan assumed the chairmanship of CICA, a challenging period that coincided with quite challenging times, including the pandemic and the developments in Afghanistan.

Click here to know about CICA

7. G20 Finance Ministerial Meeting

  1. G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBGs) will convene in Washington for their fourth meeting under the Italian G20 Presidency.
  2.  This meeting will be held on the occasion of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) – World Bank Group (WBG) Annual Meetings.
  3. While the global recovery has continued at a solid pace, mainly thanks to the rollout of vaccines, it remains uneven across and within countries and exposed to downside risks.
  4. The historic agreement on the key components of the two pillars on the reallocation of profits of multinational enterprises and an effective global minimum tax was reached in July.
  5.  Ministers and Governors are expected to endorse the final political agreement to establish a more stable and fairer international tax architecture.
  6. The G20 FMCBGs will also assess how to continue supporting vulnerable countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic
  7. The membership is expected to endorse the G20 Sustainable Finance Roadmap, which has been prepared by the Sustainable Finance Working Group.
  8. The Ministers and Governors’ agenda also includes items related to financial sector-related issues, with a focus on the progress made in implementing the G20 Roadmap for Enhancing Cross-border Payments.

Click here to know about G20