Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 16 July 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. India and European Union push trade talks.
  2. Hon’ble PM Shri. Narendra Modi encourages youth to skill, reskill, and upskill.

1. India and European Union push trade talks

News Summary

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri. Narendra Modi held talks European Council President Charles Michel and European Commission President Ursula Von der Leyen via videoconference. “India and EU are natural partners”, said Mr. Modi in his opening statement. “Our partnership is important for global peace and stability, and this reality is clearer given the situation around the world,” he added. He also referred to shared “universal values” of democracy, pluralism, respect for international institutions, and multilateralism between India and the EU. The leaders discussed India’s tensions with China at the Line of Actual Control, the situation with Iran, and concerns over cross-border terrorism from Pakistan.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

India and the EU:(Important for UPSC Mains  Question on India and EU  relations)
  • India and the European Union are committed to a framework for strategic cooperation until 2025.
  • India and the EU have planned to revive the Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement(BTIA) talks.
  • Both India and the EU share a common vision of strategic autonomy, addressing climate change.
  • The EU is India’s first trading partner and the biggest foreign investor, with €67.7 billion worth of investments made in 2018, equal to 22% of total FDI inflows.
  • Business cooperation enhancement between India and the EU will diversify the strategic value chains and reduce the dependence on other countries especially China.
  • Improved connectivity and people’s mobility between India and the EU will enhance the mutual understanding and cooperation between India and the EU.
  • The EU and India must join forces to promote sustainable reform of multilateral institutions, with the World Trade Organization (WTO) first in line.
  • Hence, a strong partnership between India and the EU will mutually benefit each other and help them become global decision-makers.

(Note: These points are necessary points for Mains examination for questions regarding India and EU relations)

2. Hon’ble PM Shri. Narendra Modi encourages youth to skill, reskill and upskill

News Summary

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri. Narendra Modi on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day and the fifth anniversary of “Skill India Mission” said that youth should skill, reskill and upskill to remain relevant in the rapidly changing business environment and market conditions, which were impacted by the COVID-19 crisis. Skill India mission has led to the creation of vast infrastructure for skilling, reskilling and upskilling and enhancing opportunities for access to employment, both locally and globally. Under the program, hundreds of PM Kaushal Kendras had been set up and capacity of the ITI ecosystem increased and more than five crore youth were skilled.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

Skill India and National Skil Development Mission:
  • Skill India campaign is an initiative of the Government of India which has been launched to empower the youth of the country with skill sets which make them more employable and more productive in their work environment.
  • Our National Skill Mission is chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister.
  • The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship(MSDE) launched the Skill India campaign in 2015.
  • National Skill Development Mission was launched in 2015 by PM under the flagship scheme PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana: (UPSC Prelims Question 2017,2018)
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation.
  • The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
  • Training Centres for imparting vocational training are called as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras.
  • Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
  • Recognition of Prior Learning refers to certifying the skills acquired by construction workers through traditional channels. (UPSC Prelims 2017 question about RPL)

For more information on PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana, visit the official website.


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