In Today’s News:
- Visceral Leishmaniasis.
- WPI Inflation.
- Overcoming the Plastic Pollution.
1. Visceral Leishmaniasis
Indian researchers have developed a non-invasive, easy to administer, cost-effective, and patient compliant potential therapeutic strategy against Visceral Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease.
Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release
Prelims GS – Science & Technology
- Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a complex infectious disease transmitted by the bite of female Phlebotomine sandflies.
- It is a neglected tropical disease that affects millions annually, making it the second most common parasitic killer after malaria.
- Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is also known as kala-azar.
- It is fatal if left untreated in over 95% of cases.
- It is characterized by irregular bouts of fever, weight loss, enlargement of the spleen and liver, and anemia.
- Most cases occur in Brazil, East Africa, and India.
Click here to know more about Visceral Leishmaniasis on the WHO website.
2. WPI Inflation
WPI Inflation slowed down to 11.2% in July.
Prelims GS – Economic Development
- Wholesale Price Index(WPI) is released by the Office of the Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
- WPI captures the average movement of wholesale prices of goods and is primarily used as a GDP deflator.
- WPI(2011-12) reckons only basic prices and does not include taxes, rebate/trade discounts, transport, and other charges.
- WPI index basket covers three major groups: Primary articles, Fuel & Power, and Manufactured Products.
3. Overcoming the Plastic pollution
Focussed and serious implementation of the new Plastic Rules will help in beating Plastic Pollution.
Prelims GS – Governance
Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules 2021:
- It prohibits identified single-use plastic items which have low utility and high littering potential by 2022.
- The manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale, and use of the following single-use plastic, including polystyrene and expanded polystyrene, commodities shall be prohibited with effect from the 1st July 2022:-
- earbuds with plastic sticks, plastic sticks for balloons, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice-cream sticks, polystyrene [Thermocol] for decoration;
- plates, cups, glasses, cutlery such as forks, spoons, knives, straw, trays, wrapping or packing films around sweet boxes, invitation cards, and cigarette packets, plastic or PVC banners less than 100 micron, stirrers.
- In order to stop littering due to lightweight plastic carry bags, with effect from 30th September 2021, the thickness of plastic carry bags has been increased from fifty microns to seventy-five microns and to one hundred and twenty microns with effect from the 31st December 2022. This will also allow the reuse of plastic carry due to an increase in thickness.
- The plastic packaging waste, which is not covered under the phase-out of identified single-use plastic items, shall be collected and managed in an environmentally sustainable way through the Extended Producer Responsibility of the Producer, importer, and Brand owner (PIBO), as per Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
- For effective implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility, the Guidelines for Extended Producer Responsibility being brought out have been given legal force through Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021.
Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release to know more on Plastic waste Management Amendment rules 2021.
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