In Today’s News:
- Human Development Index.
- National Hydrology Project reviewed.
1. Human Development Index
India slipped 2 places down and ranked 131 out of 189 countries in the latest United Nations’ Human Development Index derived from Human Development Report 2020.
Prelims GS – International Relations/Current affairs
- Human Development Report(HDR) is released by the United Nations Development Programme(UNDP).
- The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone.
- The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes.
- The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable, and have a decent standard of living.
- The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.
- The health dimension is assessed by life expectancy at birth.
- The education dimension is measured by the mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years and more and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age.
- The standard of living dimension is measured by gross national income per capita.
- The HDI uses the logarithm of income, to reflect the diminishing importance of income with increasing GNI.
- The scores for the three HDI dimension indices are then aggregated into a composite index using a geometric mean.
- India ranks 131/189 countries in HDI value (2019) which is 2 places down from last year’s rank(HDI 2018).
- A new metric was introduced in 2020 report called Planetary pressures–adjusted Human Development Index (PHDI)
- The adjustment corresponds to multiplying the HDI by an adjustment factor, creating the PHDI.
- If a country puts no pressure on the planet, its PHDI and HDI would be equal, but the PHDI falls below the HDI as pressure rises.
- The adjustment factor is calculated as the arithmetic mean of indices measuring carbon dioxide emissions per capita, which speaks to reducing carbon dioxide emissions, and material footprint per capita, which relates to closing material cycles.
Click here to know more about HDR 2020 report.
2. National Hydrology Project Reviewed.
Hon’ble Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat has held a mid-term review of the National Hydrology Project (NHP).
Prelims GS – Governance
- National Hydrology Project(NHP) was started in 2016 as a Central Sector Scheme with a 100 percent grant to implementing agencies with a budget outlay of 3680 crore rupees to be spent over a period of 8 years.
- The objective of NHP is to improve the extent, quality, and accessibility of water resources information and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resources management institutions in India.
- NHP will improve and expand hydrology data and information systems, strengthen water resources operation and planning systems, and enhance institutional capacity for water resources management.
- The project will thus strengthen the information base and institutional capacity for evidence-based decision making in water resources planning and operational management at the basin scale across India using the latest technology and tools.
- NHP will contribute to the GOI Digital India initiative by integrating water resources information across state and central agencies.
- Under the NHP, a nationwide repository of water resources data has been established.
- NHP is focusing on the establishment of a Real-Time Data Acquisition System (RTDAS) on pan India basis.
Click here to know more about NHP.
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