Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 17 February 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 17 February 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Pey Jal Survekshan and Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban).
  2. E-Chhawani portal launched.

1. Pey Jal Survekshan and Jal Jeevan Mission(Urban)

News Summary

A Pilot Pey Jal Survekshan under Jal Jeevan Mission- Urban has been launched by Shri Durga Shanker Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Prelims GS – Governance

Pey Jal Survekshan:
  • Pey Jal Survekshan will be conducted in cities to ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater, and mapping of water bodies with respect to quantity and quality of water through a challenge-based process.
  • The Ministry has decided to launch a pilot on Pey Jal Survekshan in 10 cities namely Agra, Badlapur, Bhubaneswar, Churu, Kochi, Madurai, Patiala, Rohtak, Surat, and Tumkur.
  • Based on the learnings of the pilot, this survekshan will be extended to all the AMRUT cities.
  • Data on drinking water, wastewater management, non-revenue water, and the condition of 3 water bodies in the city will be collected through face-to-face interviews with citizens and municipal officials as per the approved questionnaire, on-call interviews, water sample collection, and laboratory testing, and field survey for non-revenue water.
  •  The mission will be monitored through a technology-based platform on which beneficiary response will be monitored along with progress and output-outcome.
  • Funding from Government for projects will be in three tranches of 20:40:40.
  • The third installment will be released based on functional outcomes achieved and credible exclusion will be exercised while funding.
Jal Jeevan Mission – Urban:
  • Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban) (JJM (U)) is designed to provide universal coverage of water supply to all households through functional taps in all 4,378 statutory towns in accordance with SDG Goal- 6.
  • Also, sewerage/septage management in 500 AMRUT cities with the objective of making them water-secure are the major focus areas under JJM (U).
  • The estimated gap in urban household tap connections is 2.68 crores and the estimated gap in sewer connections/septage in 500 AMRUT cities is 2.64 crore, which is proposed to be covered in JJM (U).
  • Rejuvenation of water bodies to augment sustainable freshwater supply and creating green spaces and sponge cities to reduce floods and enhance amenity value through an Urban Aquifer Management plan are other focus areas.
  • JJM (U) will promote the circular economy of water through the development of a city water balance plan for each city focusing on recycle/reuse of treated sewage, rejuvenation of water bodies, and water conservation.
  • 20% of water demand to be met by reused water with the development of an institutional mechanism.
  • A Technology Sub-Mission for water is proposed to leverage the latest global technologies in the field of water.
  • Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) campaign are proposed to spread awareness among the masses about the conservation of water.
  • Mission also has a reform agenda, under which City Water Potability Index, reduction in non-revenue water, municipal finance reforms, rainwater harvesting, recycle water to meet at least 20% of total water demand by 2025, and rejuvenating three water bodies per ULB are the key proposed reforms.
  • The ULBs will be incentivized for the successful implementation of the reforms.
  • The total outlay proposed for JJM (U) is ₹2,87,000 crore which includes ₹10,000 crores for continuing financial support to AMRUT Mission.
  • In order to promote Public-Private Partnership, it has been mandated for cities with having a million-plus population to take up PPP projects worth a minimum of 10 percent of their total project fund allocation.

Click here to view the Courtesy official PIB Press Release.

2. E-Chhawani portal launched

News Summary

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launched the E-Chhawani portal and mobile app in New Delhi on February 16, 2021.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

(Note: These points may be used as examples for Good governance measures taken by the Govt. in the Mains examination)

E-Chhawani – a step towards good governance:
  • The portal (https://echhawani.gov.in/) has been created to provide online civic services to over 20 lakh residents of 62 Cantonment Boards across the country.
  • Through the portal, the residents of cantonment areas will be able to avail basic services like the renewal of leases, application for birth & death certificates, water & sewerage connections, trade licenses, mobile toilet locators, and payment of different types of taxes and fees, with just a click of a button.
  • The portal, jointly developed by eGov Foundation, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Directorate General Defence Estates (DGDE), and National Informatics Centre (NIC), provides a platform to the residents to avail these services from the comfort of their home.
  • The launch of the E-Chhawani portal is a big step to promote good governance and ease of living for the people.
  • The E-Chhawani portal is an innovative effort to transform the functioning of Cantonment Boards, in line with the vision of ‘New India’.
  • The portal will ensure the effectiveness and transparency of the services distribution system of the Cantonment Boards and provide time-bound solutions to the residents.

Click here to view the official PIB press release.

 

 

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